The identity of the Angel of the LORD can be viewed through the eyes of Jacob to give us an astonishing perspective. Consider Moses’ first encounter with the Angel of YHWH at the burning bush (Who Appeared to Moses in the Burning Bush?). Remember that it was the Angel of the LORD who appeared to Moses, but the Scripture identifies him as God. As the Angel spoke, he identified himself as Jehovah God or the LORD God (see above, Exodus 3:2, 4-6). As the Angel continued to speak to Moses, he revealed a little more about himself,
Exodus 6:2-3 KJV And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD: (3) And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. (emphasis mine throughout)
Notice that the Angel of the LORD, identified himself as God Almighty and YHWH (Jehovah). Scripture never introduced anyone else to Moses between chapters 3 and 6 in Exodus. That this is indeed the Angel of the LORD (YHWH) still speaking is made abundantly clear, if we go back to see who actually is the God of Abraham Isaac and Jacob.
While he was speaking with his wives, Jacob told them about a vision he had just received from God, and he must return to Canaan. He had a dream and was visited by the Angel of God. This Angel told him that he was the God of Bethel to whom Jacob had made his vow (Genesis 28:12-22). The Angel commanded Jacob to return to the land where he was born and dwell there with his kindred. (Genesis 31:11-13). It is important to see that Bethel was known as Luz when Jacob made his vow (Genesis 28:19).
In Genesis 48 Jacob told his son, Joseph, that God Almighty appeared to him at Luz (Bethel), but in Genesis 31 he told his wives that the Angel of God appeared to him. Furthermore, this same Angel claimed to be the God of Bethel or God Almighty! Notice what Jacob said a little further in Genesis 48 when blessing Joseph’s sons:
Genesis 48:3 KJV And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me… (13) And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near unto him. (14) And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn. (15) And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God which fed me all my life long unto this day, (16) The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth. (emphasis mine)
Here Jacob said the Angel is not only his God, but the God of his fathers – Abraham and Isaac. The Angel of the LORD was known to them as God Almighty!