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Daniel’s 70 Weeks Prophecy

18 Nov

Daniel’s Seventy Weeks Prophecy is found in Daniel 9:24-27. Daniel divides the 70 weeks of years into 7 weeks + 62 weeks + 1 week. The first division governed the 49 years it took to build the Temple and the walls surrounding the city. The second division governed the time from the building of the Temple and walls to the coming of the Messiah 434 years later. Most Christians today believe the seventieth and final week of the prophecy has been cut off from the previous 69 prophetic weeks and represents the final 7 years at the end of this age just prior to Jesus return. However, this understanding doesn’t seem to fit the Scriptures, and for the next several posts I hope to offer a reasonable explanation of what Daniel really prophesied, and in so doing show the prophecy stands fulfilled.

Daniel’s Seventy Weeks Prophecy and in particular the final week of years of that prophecy comprises the 1260 days, 1290 days and the 1335 days of Daniel chapter twelve. Taken together, these days, as I hope to show in later posts, comprise the week in which God confirmed the New Covenant with mankind and in particular with the Jews (see Daniel 9:27 and Jeremiah 31:31). It stands to reason that, if the Seventy Weeks Prophecy is fulfilled, there should be ample revelation of it throughout the word of God. The problem is that for years Christians have believed that this final week of years had to point to the future return of Christ, and it is difficult for some people to imagine the Scriptures saying something else.

Who is able to think of the seventieth week of this prophecy without thinking of a favorite author’s or preacher’s speculations? Some believe Christ will return in the middle of the seven-year period and take his people home in what is called the Rapture. But, do the Scriptures really say this? If they do, would those left behind know when this rapture occurred, and if so, wouldn’t they be able to calculate the exact day of Christ’s second coming three and one half years later? How would this square with what Jesus claimed about no one ever knowing the day or the hour of his coming?

If Daniel’s prophecies did refer to Jesus’ second coming, it would seem odd, knowing how detailed they are, that they did not reveal the exact moment of Jesus’ return. Yet, Jesus said that we would never know until the very day (Matthew 24:36-51). If we knew the exact date of this or that event in prophecy, would it be possible to mathematically come up with the chronology of the events leading up to the return of Christ. But, don’t the angels of heaven know accurate chronology? Does it help them? In recent times men have tried to tell us they have found the exact day revealed in the Bible, that it was only recently revealed to God’s people. Does this mean that Jesus couldn’t understand what was written in the Scriptures, for he claimed he didn’t know. Is it possible for any of us to know what Jesus doesn’t know? Doesn’t all of our truth come through him? Doesn’t Scripture say that he made wisdom and knowledge to us? How then is it possible to know anything about what the Father says, if it doesn’t first come through Jesus?

I suppose it was knowing the incongruity of things like these that caused me to wonder about what is really prophesied in Daniel. I began asking God to reveal to me what those days actually foretold. Obviously, they were put there for a reason. If not to show when Christ would return, then what do they point to? God answers prayer! I love his word, and I’m convinced we can know all that tells us in the Scriptures (Deuteronomy 29:29; cp. Acts 1:7). To begin with understanding how the seventieth week figures out in history will involve some math and knowledge of the Jewish calendar.

The Hebrew calendar follows the moon rather than the sun, as our calendars do today. It contains 12 lunations of 29½ days each, giving us a year of 354 days of 30 and 29-day alternating months. The first month is called Nisan (or Abib), which has 30 days, the second has 29 etc. Seven times in a 19 year time cycle a 13th month having 29 or 30 days was added, making that particular year 383 (or 384) days long. The prophetic year, as implied in the Bible however, has 360 days and is composed of twelve 30-day months. Both the prophetic year and the actual Jewish calendar year are important to our study. With this groundwork laid, I hope to begin posting tomorrow or in the next couple days about the specifics of Daniel’s prophecy. May God bless the understanding of all who read and consider the meaning of this important prophecy.

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4 Comments

Posted by on November 18, 2009 in Prophecy, Religion

 

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4 responses to “Daniel’s 70 Weeks Prophecy

  1. Erik Brewer

    December 6, 2010 at 23:22

    Thank you for your quick response.

    One quick question that I think will shed a lot of light on the subject for me. I read the links that you sent to me.

    “Are the six promises in Daniel 9:24 for all mankind or just for the nation of Israel, Daniel’s people who understood Jerusalem as the Holy city?”

     
    • Eddie

      December 6, 2010 at 23:54

      Erik, hello again.

      “Are the six promises in Daniel 9:24 for all mankind or just for the nation of Israel, Daniel’s people who understood Jerusalem as the Holy city?”

      I had to stop and think for a moment when I read your question. I have to admit that I never asked myself this question; I just naturally assumed the promises were for all. Certainly Daniel was praying for his people, the Jews, because he knew the 70 Years Prophecy was coming to a conclusion, but there was no end of the captivity in view. The angel came in response to his prayer—for his people. Moreover, clearly, the 490 years are determined upon the Jews and Jerusalem, and during the final seven years of this block of time the long awaited Messiah would come and make a covenant with many.

      I suppose the answer lies in whether or not the Messiah was for the Jews only or for all people. To be sure, he came to the Jews, but in the end or effectively he came to all. Since only the Jews worshiped the true God, their sins are probably in view here, but since they are concluded to be in unbelief so that mercy could be upon all, then ultimately it is our sins that are in view as well.

      Does this answer your question? I have to admit, in answering you, I am also replying to myself, because this is the first time I have ever looked at this prophecy through the lens of this query.

      Lord bless,

      Eddie

       
  2. Erik Brewer

    December 6, 2010 at 01:20

    One question, if the 70 weeks of Daniel 9 have been completed then why have all of the following things not happened?:

    to finish the transgression,
    to make an end of sin,
    to make atonement for iniquity,
    to bring in everlasting righteousness,
    to seal up vision and prophecy and
    to anoint the most holy place.

     
    • Eddie

      December 6, 2010 at 09:11

      Erik, hi and welcome,

      Actually, your question can be addressed best by reading my latest blogs on the subjects you ask about:

      to finish the transgression, see HERE and HERE
      to make an end of sin, see HERE
      to make atonement for iniquity, see HERE
      to bring in everlasting righteousness, see HERE
      to seal up vision and prophecy and — see HERE
      to anoint the most holy place. This last one will be the subject of my next blog, which you will be able to read (Lord willing) later today, or tomorrow (viewed HERE).

      Once again, thank you for reading and especially for your interest in these things that compels you to comment and question me.

      Lord bless,

      Eddie

       

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