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To Finish the Transgression

27 Nov
Rebellion-2

from Google Images

In Daniel 9 the angel told Daniel that it would take 490 years (70 weeks of years or 10 jubilees) in order to accomplish six works of God in Israel (Daniel 9:24). If these six works of God are complete, then the prophecy must be complete no matter how we think end time prophecy should develop. But, if any are lacking, then the 70 Weeks Prophecy remains to be fulfilled in our day or perhaps sometime in a distant future age. I hope to take each of these six works in its own blog or blogs in an effort to show the 70 Weeks Prophecy is fulfilled, proving today’s eschatology believed by most evangelicals is in error.

The angel said it will take 70 weeks of years “to finish the transgression.” What does this mean? Some scholars believe that this transgression has to do only with Israel and concerns either their rebellion against God or their national rejection of the Messiah. This is not entirely accurate. While it is true that Israel did rebel against God and reject Jesus as their Messiah, this is also true of the entire gentile world. In fact, I do not believe it would be stretching the truth to say that, but for a faithful remnant, Israel never received God and always rebelled against him.[1] When was there a period in their history that the whole nation followed and obeyed their God?

On the other hand, other scholars believe that this is a prophecy to put an end to sin and cast it out of the sight of God. I don’t believe this to be true either, and observing how the word finish is used in the other Scriptures should show this beyond doubt. The Hebrew word is kala (H3607) meaning to restrict, by act (hold back or in) or word (prohibit). It is used 15 times in the Old Testament[2] and probably should not be translated “finish” in Daniel 9:24, but a better translation would be restrain or shut up as it is translated in some of those occurrences.

None of these occurrences including Daniel 9:24 should give one the idea that the subject at hand was ended or finished. The Scriptures speak of a temporary drought, the punishment of the nations by God, the imprisonment of Jeremiah, and refraining from sin etc. In the case of the Seventy Weeks Prophecy, “the transgression” should not be thought of as ended or finished, but should be understood as restricted in some way. To say otherwise is to go beyond what the word of God is saying (1Corinthians 4:6). It is difficult, when translating Scripture or even when studying the word of God in our own language, to do so without preconceived notions of what the text means (what we have been taught). No doubt the translators expected there would be no more sin in the world at the completion of this prophecy, so they translated kala’ (H3607) into the word finish, which implies something is ended or completed. Nevertheless, this word is translated so only here. Elsewhere it contains the idea of something being held back or restrained, but not ended.

Concerning the word which is translated “transgression” in Daniel 9:24, the word is pesa (H6588) and means according to W.E. Vine, “transgression, guilt, punishment, offering… Basically it signifies willful deviation from, and therefore rebellion against, the path of godly living.” The verb form is pasa (H6586), and its basic meaning is “to rebel”. The word expresses “two stages of rebellion. First, the whole process of rebellion has independence in view… 2Kings 1:1. Second, the final result of the rebellion is the state of independence… 2Kings 8:20. A more radical meaning is the state of rebellion in which there is no end of the rebellion in view. The state thus described refers to a status quo.”[3]

I believe the word translated “transgression” (H6588), refers to a particular sin, because it is in the singular form. In the book of Romans Paul seems to make a distinction between “sins” (plural) and “sin” (singular) in the first half of his letter. In the first eight chapters of Romans, Paul deals with the question of sin (singular) and sins (plural). The first 4½ or so chapters deal with the evil deeds of men. However, from Romans 5:12 and onward through chapter eight, he deals with my sinful nature rather than the things I do. As a matter of fact, sins (plural) is mentioned only once in the next 3½ chapters, while the word sin (singular) is mentioned some 31 times. This distinction is not so noticeable in the first 4½ chapters, but the subject matter, itself, is unmistakable. Paul refers to all men as hating God; we are proud, boasting of evil deeds and all of us have fallen far short of the glory God intended for us. We invent evil things, and those closest to God cause his name to be blasphemed throughout the world. It can hardly be denied that Paul has two subjects in mind in the first eight chapters of Romans:

1)      sins – my own evil deeds (Romans 1-5:11)

2)      sin “the transgression” or my sinful nature, the law of sin or the sin principle that is within me as described in Romans 7.

God forgives our sins as explained in 1John1:9, but nowhere in the word of God do I find that God forgives my sin (singular). God does not forgive the sin principle that works within me (Romans 7:15, 23). On the contrary, it is a kind of sickness from which we need deliverance (Romans 7:24; cp. Titus 2:14). Our sins are dealt with through Christ’s blood.

Romans 3:25 “Whom God hath set forth (to be) a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;”

Hebrews 9:12 “Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption (for us)… 22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.”

Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us (1Corinthians 5:7). In the Old Testament, a lamb without blemish was chosen and sacrificed as the Lord’s Passover (Exodus 12:6-7, 13). The only difference between Israel and the Egyptians was the blood of the lamb upon the doorposts and lintel of the Israelite homes. This looked forward to Christ:

John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

There is a particular sin that God is concerned with, and it is tied into the sin principle that draws men away from him. It is the sin of rebellion. Rebellion is not an ordinary sin. One could disobey God and still be in a relationship with him, but to rebel against God is to seek independence from him. Rebellion ends the relationship; it is like getting a divorce. It cannot be forgiven like other sins that don’t end one’s relationship with God. It must be dealt with another way. I intend to write another blog on this subject before going on to the other five works of God that complete the 70 Weeks Prophecy of Daniel, if your interest is peaked, stay with me.


[1] Moses testified of the rebellion of Israel in:

Deuteronomy 9:24 “Ye have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you.”

And again in:

Deuteronomy 31:27 “For I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, ye have been rebellious against the LORD; and how much more after my death?”

In the New Testament and just prior to his death, Stephen also testified of their rebellion in:

Acts 7:51-53 “Ye stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers (did), so (do) ye. 52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? And they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers: 53 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept (it).

[2] The 15 occurrences are: Genesis 8:2; Exodus 36:6; Numbers 11:28; 1Samuel 6:10; Psalms 40:11; 88:8; 119:101; Ecclesiastes 8:8; Isaiah 43:6; Jeremiah 32:2; 32:3; Ezekiel 31:15; Haggai 1:10 (twice) & Daniel 11:24.

[3] W.E. Vine – An Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words: page 266.

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Posted by on November 27, 2010 in Christianity, Prophecy, Religion

 

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