We now come to the sixth and final work of God as prophesied by the angel in Daniel 9:24, anointing the Most Holy. The term most holy is used at least forty-three times in the Old Testament and is taken to mean various things. It is used to refer to the whole Temple (2Chronicles 3:8, 10) or to the most holy place within the Temple behind the veil, wherein the ark and the mercy seat were (Exodus 26:33-34). It can also be used to refer to those things within the Temple that were consecrated to God, and were considered most holy to him (Exodus 30:26-29). It is also used of the altar of sacrifice (Exodus 29:37) and the altar of incense (Exodus 30:9-10), and the portion of the meal offering that went to the high priest and his family. The sin offering and the trespass offering were also regarded as most holy (Leviticus 2:10; 6:14-17).
Therefore, what could the angel have been referring to when he said it would take seventy weeks to anoint the most holy? If the angel who spoke with Daniel was referring to the Temple or the Most Holy Place within the Temple, why did he say it would take seventy weeks to anoint it? It took only 49 years to rebuild the Temple and the walls of the city and they were both dedicated when they were complete. How could the angel have had the Temple or anything within, or its sacrifices in mind when he spoke with Daniel? Nevertheless, just before the first Passover of his earthly ministry, Jesus concluded that the Temple was unclean (John 2:14-16; cp. Luke 19:45-46); but if the Temple were in view, when was it cleansed and anointed?
The Temple was his Father’s house, but Jesus had nowhere to lay his head (Matthew 8:20; Luke 9:58). Some scholars see evidence in these Scriptures that Jesus had no home on earth in which to live, but this is not true. Several times in Scripture Jesus is referred to as being in the house (cp. Mark 2:1; 9:33; 10:10). This was probably his own house in Capernaum. Scripture tells us, if a man doesn’t provide for those of his own household, he is worse that an unbeliever! Therefore, it seems to me such teaching that Jesus was too poor to afford a house is wrong. In Matthew chapter 8 and Luke chapter 9 Jesus claimed the Temple was not a welcome place for him. Though it was supposed to be his House, he could not “lay his head” (rest) there. Those who kept the Temple or were in authority there sought his life and resented his presence. It seems to me that the angel, speaking with Daniel, must have had something else in view in Daniel 9:24.
The Scripture uses the same Hebrew word to claim that the priests and Levites who ministered in the Temple of God were also holy (2Chronicles 23:6), and even all the people of God in general (Ezra 9:2; Daniel 8:24). The redeemed of the Lord were also called holy (Isaiah 62:12). The Scripture claims that anything that touched the most holy things of the Temple was itself made holy (Exodus 30:29). In the New Testament Christ spoke of the Temple of his body (John 2:19-21). It stands to reason, if the people of God are holy but need redemption, the one who redeems them would be the holiest of all or the Most Holy. Therefore, just as anything that touched one of the most holy things of the Temple was itself made holy, so too whatever touches the Lord, Jesus, also becomes holy (cp. Matthew 9:20; 14:36).
Notice the wording of Daniel 9:24-25:
Daniel 9:24-25 KJV Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. (25) Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
There is a definite correlation between these two verses. Seventy weeks (of years) are determined upon the people and the holy city…to anoint the Most Holy. The Scripture then tells us to “know therefore and understand…” What are we to know and understand? – That it will take 483 years until the coming of Messiah (the anointed one), who will confirm the covenant for one week or 7 years, thus completing the seventy weeks of years (Daniels 9:27). If it takes seventy weeks to anoint the Most Holy, and it takes 69 of those weeks to come to the Anointed One (the Messiah), who uses the 70th week for his ministry, it stands to reason that the angel was calling the Messiah the Most Holy (One).
As the final week of the 70 Weeks Prophecy was beginning, Jesus spoke in his hometown of Nazareth and claimed that the Spirit of the LORD was upon him and anointed him… (Luke 4:18; cp. Isaiah 61:1). In other words, the Most Holy One spoke of his anointing at the beginning of the 70th week of years. At the end of the 70 Week’s Prophecy, Jesus is again referred to as the Anointed One, when Stephen said he saw the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God (Acts 7:56). This is the only time in the New Testament anyone referred to Jesus by his title, Son of Man (cp. Daniel 7:13-14). Jesus used the phrase throughout his ministry to refer to himself, and it meant he was claiming to be the Messiah–the Anointed One. Daniel 7:13-14 is the time when the Messiah received power over all nations. This seems to be accentuated in the fact that for the first time (immediately after the death of Stephen) the Gospel went to the non-Jewish communities (Acts 8:5, 26-38). The Kingdom of God began to reach out to the gentile community in response to the judgment of the Messiah, who had warned his people that gentiles would be the heirs to the promises, if the Jews rejected him (cp. Luke 4:24-29).
The end of the Seventy Weeks prophecy marked the end of 10 jubilees (10 x49 years). A trumpet was blown on the Day of Atonement in the year of jubilee to announce “liberty” throughout the land. Since the Jews rejected Jesus for the second time by killing Stephen, this liberty went out from Jerusalem via those who were persecuted in Jesus’ name to the rest of the world by their preaching the Gospel wherever they had gone (Acts 8:1; 11:19-21).
Stephen was killed either at the command of or at least the approval of the high priest, Caiaphas, or more probably Annas (Acts 7:1, 57-60). This was done in the presence of Jesus (Acts 7:56), and the act of killing Stephen, who claimed he saw the heavens open and the Son of Man (Messiah) standing at the right hand of God (cp. Psalm 110:1), was an open rejection of Jesus as the Messiah. This calls to mind the words of Psalm 109. Remember this is on the Day of Atonement when the High Priest was within the veil making atonement for the nation, but the nation, including its leader (Caiaphas or Annas), opened their mouths, uttering lies against Jesus (Psalm 109:2). They had compassed him about (in the person of Stephen) with words of hatred and fought against him without cause (Psalm 109:3; cp. Psalm 2:1-3). These, who have done this thing, are Jesus’ enemies, but he gives himself to prayer (Psalm 109:4; cp. Acts 7:59-60). “They have rewarded me evil for good and hatred for love” (Psalm 109:5). The Lord who loved the nation stood at the right hand of God on their behalf, but they rejected him without cause (Acts 7:56-60). Therefore, let an enemy stand at his right hand–i.e. at the right hand of Annas in Acts 7 (cp. Psalm 109:6), and when he (Annas) is judged, let his plea be in vain (Psalm 109:7). Let Another (Jesus–the Anointed One) take his office (i.e. High Priest, cp. Psalm 109:8).
The Seventy Weeks Prophecy stands fulfilled. The scriptures point to it being fulfilled. Let us build upon no other foundation than what we find in the word of God.