We have been taught by the Copernican Principle that the earth does not occupy a ‘privileged’ or special place in the universe. In fact, concerning a photo Voyager-I sent back from space, Carl Sagan once said: “…the delusion that we have some privileged position in the Universe, (is) challenged by this point of pale light. Our planet is a lonely speck in the great enveloping cosmic dark.” What do you think? Do we have a privileged position in the universe? The Bible seems to say we do—our earth was created before the stars. Nevertheless, what can be logically proved about this question?
More recent astronomical discoveries seem to argue against Carl Sagan’s (and other naturalists’) viewpoint. Nearly a century ago Edwin Hubble (1924) began using a 100 inch reflector telescope to observe the sky in
hope to calculated distances from the earth. He published his results in 1929, showing that the galaxies are moving away from us and that the further out they are, the more the hydrogen atom shifts to the red. In the figure at the left the hydrogen atom is the black line. The more distant the galaxy the further toward the red end of the light spectrum the hydrogen atom appears (red shift). This is known as “Hubble’s Law” and is often cited in support of the Big Bang Theory.
The problem for the Big Bang arises out of the fact that Hubble’s Law shows there are clusters of galaxies traveling away from the Earth, and since Hubble’s Law is really a measure of distances, these clusters seem to appear at concentric distances from the Earth. For example, if we assume the first cluster in a specific line is cir.100 million light years from the earth, and the second is cir. 300 million light years from the earth and the third 600 etc., this would imply the earth is in a very special place for that point of view. If we were in a
different location in the universe, we would not be able to recognize these red shifts as ‘clusters’. Notice the table at the right. As long as we are close to the center the clusters are apparent, but if we were only 2 million light years away from the center, the clusters would disappear. We would still see the galaxies, and they would still be red shifted showing they were moving away from Earth, but we would have no idea the galaxies were clusters at specific distances from one another, and appearing concentric, as though the universe were globular, having a border.
An additional problem for the Big Bang Theory is the fact that these galactic clusters exist today, because in a universe billions of years old, the galaxies within each cluster should have moved apart long ago. Their relative velocities, implied by the red shift, are too great for the gravitational pull holding them together. This points to a rather young creation of these clusters and, therefore, to a young universe in general.
In a Big Bang universe, the whole spectrum of space should be geocentric. That is, wherever one would look in space and wherever one’s location in space might be, he would find a relatively similar appearance in the night sky. Nothing special could be observed. In short there is no such thing as a special place in the universe, no such thing as a **center** of the universe. Implying there is would be anathema to the naturalist scientist, and could not be tolerated. Yet, most recent observations in the night sky argue against this point of view. The Earth must be within 100 million miles of the center of the universe to observe the galactic clusters, and this supports the Biblical point of view that the Earth was very special to its Creator.
 Named after Nicolaus Copernicus (19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543). He was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a heliocentric model of the universe which placed the Sun, rather than the Earth, at the center.