The Mission of the Seventy

04 May

from Google Images

Lots of folks seem to miss the point of sending out the Seventy; at least as it appears so to me. Some wonder which was more important: the sending out of the Twelve (Luke 9:1-10) or sending out the Seventy (Luke 10:1-16). Others liken the event to an evangelistic outreach, upon which our own ministries should be based. Still others get caught up in their having power over demons and exactly when Satan was cast out of heaven, and when Jesus actually did see his fall. Some of these things, of course, are mentioned in Luke 10, but the real point of it all seems to be far more significant than answering these questions.

The Seventy returned from their mission with great joy (Luke 10:17). They had been sent out as lambs among wolves (Luke 10:3), but since the Lord had given them authority over their enemies, no harm came to them (Luke 10:19). Therefore, they rejoiced in their victory over an otherwise unfriendly and, perhaps, influential portion of the people they ministered to. Although the disciple probably expected to meet with conflict, I don’t believe they anticipated such a complete and decisive victory over their opposition.

The conflict would have been a spiritual one, and the opposition would have come largely from the authority figures in the communities they entered, the same sort of authority figures who opposed Jesus (Luke 6:40; 10:16; cf. John 15:20). Yet, despite the inevitable persecution they must have endured from Jewish authorities, the Seventy rejoiced in their victory over demons. That is, they were victorious over whatever held the people captive, namely, over that which the Lord had given them authority (Luke 10:17, 19).

This calls into question what we define as demons. While we can usually agree that demonic possession is a form of spiritual wickedness, most people probably would not agree that spiritual leadership that opposes Christ is necessarily demonic. However, the **power** authorities have over people, who subject themselves to these authorities, when this power is opposed to Christ, must be seen as demonic power, in my opinion. For example, false doctrine is a strong delusion (cf. 2Peter 2:1; 2Thessalonians 2:11). If Jesus’ disciples had authority over the power of the enemy, they must have had power or authority to communicate the truth in a manner that destroyed or exorcised the people’s trust in false doctrine taught by their leaders.

A demoniac, viz. anyone opposed to Christ, may express his power over others through force  (cf. Mark 5:2-4; Matthew 8:28), but others through leadership (cf. Luke 4:33-36). The one is controlled by an inner force and forces his will upon others, like a ruler of a country who rejects the Gospel. The second controls others through this same inner force, but, rather than forcing his will upon others, he indoctrinates his victims, getting them to trust his leadership / teaching ability. The Seventy were given authority over this type of activity.

Jesus told the Seventy that they should not rejoice in the fact that they had power or authority over demonic activity, but that their names were written in heaven (Luke 10:20). That is, Jesus was pointing to an ancient custom of keeping a record of the names of a city’s citizens. A public register was kept that families might be known for the purpose of preserving the line of inheritance etc. So, if Jesus’ disciples’ names were written in heaven, they enjoyed the advantages of being citizens of the Kingdom of God, and no earthly power had authority over anyone in God’s Kingdom. Rather, the citizens of God’s Kingdom spoke for him, and their authority prevailed over earthly authority whenever the two clashed. That is, whenever the interests of the Kingdom of God clashed with the interests of the earthly authority, God’s people have authority over that demonic power.



Posted by on May 4, 2017 in Gospel of Luke


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2 responses to “The Mission of the Seventy

  1. Dave White

    May 4, 2017 at 09:30

    Good Morning!
    I’m a bit confused by some of this; are you saying that spiritual warfare does not involve demonic activity? My understanding of demons are that they are spiritual beings; fallen angels. I do agree that we can tend to blame demons for the work of mankind’s unregenerate thoughts and activities; even our own thoughts and actions not placed ‘under the blood’. But …


    • Eddie

      May 4, 2017 at 09:51

      Good morning, Dave.

      My own understanding of demons is somewhat unconventional. I have nothing against the idea per se, if their existence could be proved in Scripture. The problems is we have nothing in Scripture that points to what they are, if, indeed, they are evil, sentient beings. Where did they come from? Some scholars seem to believe they are fallen angels, but when did the angels fall? There is no record of such a thing happening in Scripture.

      There is a lot of such stories in pagan literature and in inter-testamentary literature, such as Enoch. Yet, Scripture is silent. What are we to do with this?

      I try not to add to Scripture or take away from it. I hope what I conclude about such things clarifies rather than nullifies the word of God. If you wish to pursue what I believe about these things you might want to read my studies #’s 10 through 20 on page: The Third Year of Jesus’ Public Ministry

      Lord bless you Dave, as you seek to understand his word.


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