I am presently involved in a series of studies on the nature of the Kingdom of God. In previous studies I have shown how all three futurists’ views on eschatology—postmillennialism, amillennialism and premillennialism—are demonstrably false. With a few exceptions, all views seek to make a case for a visible, physical Second Coming of Christ in our (modern) future. When he does arrive, he will either destroy the heavens and the earth and take believers with him to be where he is, or he will renovate the earth and set up a physical Kingdom of God based in physical Jerusalem. All these eschatological views are demonstrably false.
Paul tells us in his first letter to the Corinthians that all the things under the Old Covenant occurred, as they did in history, as types for the admonition of believers in the New Testament upon whom (in the first century AD) “ends of the ages” had come:
And all these things as types did happen to those persons, and they were written for our admonition, to whom the end of the ages did come, (1 Corinthians 10:11 YLT)
The Latin Vulgate renders it:
When all this happened to them, it was a symbol; the record of it was written as a warning to us, in whom history has reached its fulfillment; (1 Corinthians 10:11 Knox NT)
Concerning the ends of the ages, Vine’s Word Pictures says: “The phrase assumes that Christ’s second coming is close at hand…” and likens it to a similar phrase in Hebrews 9:26, which says of Christ that he was manifested once “at the consummation of the ages” (NASB).
The nation of Israel is a typical nation, the redemption of Israel is a typical redemption, the sacrifices offered under the law were typical sacrifices, the sanctuary of the Hebrew people was a typical sanctuary. (Ironside Notes on Selected Books)
In other words the physical foreshadows the spiritual, for certainly Jesus did not form another but greater physical nation, nor did he build another but greater physical Temple, nor did he command other but greater physical sacrifices. The physical realities that occurred during the Old Testament age were types, and they foreshadowed the spiritual realities that occurred under Christ. So, in order for the futurists to continue in their point of view that the Second Coming is yet future, and when Jesus returns he will do so in a physical body in order to reign in a physical Kingdom based in physical Jerusalem, they must embrace an obviously erroneous position. That is, the physical Old Testament, indeed, was typical of the spiritual Kingdom inaugurated by Christ on Pentecost following his resurrection, BUT… they must go on to say that the spiritual Kingdom that believers live in today **must** foreshadow a physical kingdom, yet to be established. Absolutely nothing in the scriptures support this position.
Adam Clarke’s Commentary quotes Dr. Lightfoot at 1Corinthians 10:11:
“the apostle speaks in this place that those things, which were transacted in the beginning of the Jewish ages, are written for an example to you upon whom the ends of those ages are come; and the beginning is like to the end, and the end to the beginning. Both were forty years; both consisted of temptation and unbelief; and both ended in the destruction of the unbelievers – that, in the destruction of those who perished in the wilderness; this, in the destruction of those that believed not: viz. the destruction of their city and nation.”
This would put the fulfillment of the age at 70 AD when the city of the unbelievers was destroyed with their Temple, and the Jews’ covenant with God came to an abrupt end.
The Kingdom of God in which believers live today is not a physical, geopolitical entity. Rather, it is spiritual in nature—being a spiritual Temple, having a spiritual priesthood, which offers spiritual sacrifices in a spiritual city, in a spiritual land and in a spiritual Kingdom. All things are fulfilled that were promised under the Old Covenant. A physical Second Coming is unnecessary and would end the perfect spiritual work Christ has already established in his Church.