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He Shall Sit on the Throne!

27 Nov

Throne of His GloryJesus tells us in the Olivet Discourse that when he returns he will sit on the throne of his glory (Matthew 25:31). However, Paul also claims that, when Christ comes (1Corinthians 15:23), “Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power” (1Corinthians 15:24). How does Jesus sit upon the throne of his glory at his coming (Matthew 25:31), when he, at the same time, delivers the Kingdom to God, his Father (1Corinthians 15:24)?

Paul goes on to say in the next verse, “he (Jesus) must reign, until he has put all enemies under his feet” (1Corinthians 15:25). However, according to Psalm 110:1 “Jehovah said to my Lord (the Messiah), ‘Sit at My right hand, until I place Your enemies as Your footstool’” (parenthesis mine). In other words, while Jesus waited for his return, when he would sit upon the throne of his glory (Matthew 25:1), he ruled from the right hand of God, i.e. he sat upon the throne of God ruling among his enemies (Psalm 110:2). Therefore, if we connect 1Corinthians 15 and Psalm 110 together, Jesus delivers his Kingdom over to his Father at the time Jesus returns to judge and defeat his enemies. If this is an abdication, then how does Jesus sit on the throne of his glory when he returns (Matthew 25:31)?

The Greek word in 1Corinthians 15:24, for Jesus having delivered the Kingdom to his Father, is paradidomi (G3860). The same Greek word is used in Jude 1:3 where Jude exhorts the saints to contend for the faith that was once delivered unto them. Does this mean that when the Apostles delivered (G3860) the Gospel to others, the Apostles no longer had the Gospel? Such a thought is ridiculous. Paul, also, when writing to the Corinthians, says, “For I delivered (G3860) unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures…” (1Corinthians 15:3). When Paul delivered to the Corinthians that which he received, did Paul no longer possess it? Again, such an argument would be ridiculous. Therefore, when Jesus, at his coming, delivers (G3860) the Kingdom over to his Father (1Corinthians 15:23-24) does not mean he (Jesus) cannot sit upon the throne of his glory (Matthew 25:1). What Jesus is doing is sharing with his Father what he has gained as he came into his Kingdom.

We need to keep in mind that Daniel also prophesied about these same events in Daniel 7. He saw a vision of four kingdoms, which were eventually judged and their authority was taken away. Moreover, Daniel saw one like the Son of Man who was given a Kingdom that would never pass away (Daniel 7:13-14). However, Daniel didn’t understand the vision, but an angel interpreted it for him (Daniel 7:15-16). According to the interpretation of the angel, the four beasts represented ancient (gentile) kingdoms, but Daniel’s main interest was with the fourth kingdom and the little horn that arose out of that kingdom (Daniel 7:19-22). The little horn seemed to be a persecuting power against the people of God, wearing them out (Daniel 19:25).

What occurs then, according to the angel, the one like the Son of Man (Christ) who had come on a cloud to the Ancient of Days (God the Father) to receive a Kingdom (Daniel 7:13-14) would at that time destroy the little horn and reward the saints with their inheritance – the Kingdom (Daniel 7:18, 21-22, 24-27).

The point of the matter is this. Daniel foretells the rise of the Roman Empire (the fourth beast), out of whom also arises a power or authority that persecuted the people of God. Nevertheless, Daniel prophesies of the judgment of the wicked and the vindication of the saints. That very judgment finds greater expression in Matthew 25:31 and following. It is at that time that Jesus, the Messiah, (the Son of Man in Daniel) sits upon the throne of his glory and judges between the righteous (the sheep) and the wicked (the goats). This occurred in 70 AD, when the Lord returned to judge Jerusalem and the Temple (cf. Matthew 26:64). No matter how one wishes to interpret these matters, one cannot take his interpretation beyond the existence of the fourth beast. In other words, the interpretation of Daniel 7 and the Olivet Discourse must be confined to the days of the Roman Empire, not 2000 years later.

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2 Comments

Posted by on November 27, 2018 in 70 AD Eschatology

 

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2 responses to “He Shall Sit on the Throne!

  1. tiptopsaidhe

    November 29, 2018 at 13:52

    Greetings Friend!

    What do you make of the Hasmonean/Herodian rulership period that followed the Grecians/Macedonians and preceded the Romans?

    This, from Daniel, doesn’t seem to speak of Rome.
    Dan 7:9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.
    Dan 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
    Dan 7:11 I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.
    Dan 7:12 As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time.

    “I beheld (watched) even until the Roman Empire was slain and destroyed and given to the burning flame. As concerning Babylon, Medo-Persian and Greece, they had their dominion taken away, yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time.” That doesn’t seem to follow.

    Wikipedia says…
    “The Maccabees… were the leaders of a Jewish rebel army that took control of Judea, which at the time had been a province of the Seleucid Empire. They founded the Hasmonean dynasty, which ruled from 164 BCE to 63 BCE. They reasserted the Jewish religion, partly by forced conversion, expanded the boundaries of Judea by conquest and reduced the influence of Hellenism and Hellenistic Judaism.”

    1Ma 13:41 In the hundred and seventies year was the yoke of the heathen taken away from Israel.
    1Ma 13:42 And the people began to write in their instruments and contracts, In the first year of Simon, the great high priest and captain and leader of the Jews.

    1Ma 14:16 And it was heard at Rome that Jonathan was dead, and even to Sparta, and they were exceeding sorry.
    1Ma 14:17 But as soon as they heard that his brother Simon was made high priest in his stead, and ruled the country, and the cities therein,
    1Ma 14:18 they wrote to him on tables of brass, to renew with him the friendship and the confederacy which they had confirmed with Judas and Jonathan his kindred;
    1Ma 14:19 and they were read before the congregation at Jerusalem.
    1Ma 14:20 And this is the copy of the letters which the Spartans sent: The rulers of the Spartans, and the city, to Simon the high priest, and to the elders, and the priests, and the residue of the people of the Jews, our kindred, greeting:
    1Ma 14:21 The ambassadors that were sent to our people made report to us of your glory and honor: and we were glad for their coming,
    1Ma 14:22 and we did register the things that were spoken by them in the public records after this manner: Numenius son of Antiochus, and Antipater son of Jason, the Jews’ ambassadors, came to us to renew the friendship they had with us.
    1Ma 14:23 And it pleased the people to entertain the men honorably, and to put the copy of their words in the public records, to the end that the people of the Spartans might have a memorial thereof: moreover they wrote a copy of these things to Simon the high priest.
    1Ma 14:24 After this Simon sent Numenius to Rome with a great shield of gold of a thousand pound weight, in order to confirm the confederacy with them.

    “And when he had been conqueror after so glorious a manner, he was made high priest, and also freed the Jews from the dominion of the Macedonians, after a hundred and seventy years of the empire [of Seleucus].” [Wars of the Jews 1.2.2]

    “In 164 BCE, Jerusalem was recaptured by the Maccabees and the Temple purified, an event that gave birth to the holiday of Chanukah [See Antiquities 12.7.7].”

    “After the death of Antiochus, his successor agreed to the Jews’ demand for independence in 142 BC.”
    https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/history-and-overview-of-the-maccabees

    It doesn’t appear that Rome was the 4th beast. It appears it was Israel.

    Jesus seems to allude to such as well…
    Mat 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
    Mat 21:44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
    Mat 21:45 And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.

    Dan 7:26 But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end.
    Dan 7:27 And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.

    Hasmonean rule ends in 37BC, when Herod the Great captured Jerusalem. However, Herod marries Mariamne, a Hasmonean princess (a mixture of bronze and clay)?

    Josephus tells us more…about the Zealots (Galileans – the 4th sect of the Pharisees)

    “At the same time Eleazar, the son of Ananias the high priest, a very bold youth, who was at that time governor of the temple, persuaded those that officiated in the Divine service to receive no gift or sacrifice for any foreigner. And this was the true beginning of our war with the Romans; for they rejected the sacrifice of Caesar on this account;” [Wars of the Jews 2.17.2-4]

    “These followers of John (Gischala) also did now seize upon this inner temple, and upon all the warlike engines therein, and then ventured to oppose Simon. And thus that sedition, which had been divided into three factions, was now reduced to two” [Wars of the Jews 5.3.1]

    “[The] zealots and the multitude of the Idumeans fell upon the people as upon a flock of profane animals, and cut their throats; and for the ordinary sort, they were destroyed in what place soever they caught them. But for the noblemen and the youth, they first caught them and bound them, and shut them up in prison, and put off their slaughter, in hopes that some of them would turn over to their party; [Wars of the Jews 4.5.3]

    “And indeed many there were of the Jews that deserted every day, and fled away from the zealots, although their flight was very difficult, since they (the zealots) had guarded every passage out of the city, and slew every one that was caught at them, as taking it for granted they were going over to the Romans; [Wars of the Jews 4.6.3]

    “And this place (Jerusalem), which is adored by the habitable world, and honored by such as only know it by report, as far as the ends of the earth, is trampled upon by these wild beasts born among ourselves” [Wars of the Jews 4.4.3].

    “The zealots also joined in the shouts raised by the Idumeans; and the storm itself rendered the cry more terrible; nor did the Idumeans spare anybody; for as they are naturally a most barbarous and bloody nation, and had been distressed by the tempest, they made use of their weapons against those that had shut the gates against them… Now there was at present neither any place for flight, nor any hope of preservation; but as they were driven one upon another in heaps, so were they slain… And now the outer temple was all of it overflowed with blood; and that day, as it came on, they saw eight thousand five hundred dead bodies there” [Wars of the Jews 4.5.1].

    If we refer back to Daniel…
    Dan 9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

    Is the “people of the prince that shall come and destroy the city and the sanctuary” really the Zealots of Galilee?

    In Wars 6.4.5, Josephus wrote, “[T]hese flames took their rise from the Jews themselves, and were occasioned by them.” He writes of Titus (Wars 6.6.2) saying to the Zealots, “You…have set fire to your holy house with your own hands.”

    As you ponder it some, I’d be interested in your thoughts about Israel as the 4th kingdom.

    My best to you,

    Bill

     
    • Eddie

      November 29, 2018 at 20:51

      Greetings Bill, and thanks for your interesting commentary. Some points are similar to my take on Daniel 7, but not entirely. I do accept the idea that Rome is the fourth beast, but, like you I believe the persecuting power (the little horn) was the Jewish authorities in the 1st century AD. I have several studies on this subject, but I’m not certain how they will fare after my study on Revelation is complete. I may change some of my conclusions. The two studies I have on Daniel 7 are:”The Ten Horns of Daniel 7” and “The Little Horn of Daniel 7“, if you care to read them. The study in which you and I are more in line with one another (in spirit, not in detail) is “The Seven Headed Beast of Revelation.” There I conclude that the Beast is apostate Jerusalem. The seven heads are gentile kings, but the beast itself is the Jewish nation, influenced by those gentile leaders.

      I’m still working all this out. Nothing is in cement, here. So, don’t be surprised if I begin to change these studies in a year or so. If and when I do, I will make a note showing that I’ve corrected my earlier studies, and that will probably be in red, to make sure any reader would notice.

      My take on the Hasmoneans is that they were legitimate Jewish leaders, but I’m not certain if they took too many liberties. They were both king and priest, for example. Under the Mosaic Law, that wasn’t supposed to happen. Nevertheless, they left their mark in prophecy (Daniel 11). During their reign the King of the North / King of the South record stops, so the prophecy skips from Antiochus Epiphanes to Herod the Great. Nevertheless, I don’t see them as part of the Daniel 7 prophecy.

      Hope this helps. Lord bless you Bill.

      (by the way, I’m really loving that “Interlinear Scripture Analyser” link you sent me a while back. It really helps in many of my studies).

       

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