John beheld and heard the voices of a group of innumerable angels, together with the voices of the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures (Revelation 5:11). The elders and the beasts and the great myriads of angelic beings shouted: “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor, and glory, and blessing” (Revelation 5:12). The object of their praise was the Lamb (Jesus).
In Revelation 5:13 John heard the voices of every creature in heaven and on earth and who ever lived say: “Blessing, and honor, and glory, and power, be unto him that sits upon the throne, and unto the Lamb forever and ever.”
Who was the object of their praise? Without exception every translation I have ever read shows the whole of creation praises both “him who sits on the throne” and “the Lamb.” I understand why this is so, because Jesus is supposed to be sitting on the Throne of God at the right hand of the Father. However, Jesus reveals to us that he sits upon two thrones, or at least that would be the case in the Day of the Lord, into which John was brought by the Spirit (Revelation 1:10). Notice what Jesus reveals to the church of Laodicea:
“To him that overcomes will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne” (Revelation 3:21).
In other words, men who overcome would be granted to reign with Christ, drawing upon the authority of Christ’s throne—the Messianic Throne. This is what the twenty-four elders are doing, as they sit upon thrones (Revelation 4:4) that surround the throne upon which the Lamb sits. They have overcome (Revelation 4:4, 10) and are the official representatives of those who have overcome and become a kingdom of priests to God.
Therefore, the One that John saw sitting upon the throne, is the One who sits upon the Messianic Throne. So, the praise that every creature in heaven and earth and whoever lived offers their praise to Jesus, because he is the One, and the only One, sitting on the throne in John’s vision. So, the words of Revelation 5:13 should be translated into something similar to: “Blessing, and honor, and glory, and power, be unto him that sits upon the throne, EVEN (kai – G2532) unto the Lamb forever and ever.” The Greek word, kai, is a conjunction and is usually translated into our English word, and. However, it is translated 108 times into the word even, and should be so rendered in Revelation 5:13. We know this for a fact, because the throne, after all, is the Messianic Throne. So, who should we expect to be sitting there?
On the other hand, Jesus also claims to sit with the Father upon his throne, that is, it is the Father’s throne as opposed to it being the Messianic Throne, because, in all actuality, the Father’s throne is also Jesus’ throne. We know this, because it is called the Throne of God and the Lamb in Revelation 22:1 and 3. We, that is representatives of mankind (e.g. the twenty-four elders) are not invited to sit upon the throne of God. The fact is, God says he will never share his glory with man or anyone else (Isaiah 42:8; 48:11).
Therefore, as all of creation praises and worships the Lamb, Jesus (Revelation 5:13), in Revelation 5:14 the four living creatures added their “Amen” to what all creation proclaimed in worship. As this was done, the twenty-four elders fell down and worshiped him who sits upon the throne. Simply put, everyone in this scene is worshiping Jesus, the Lamb, who redeemed men and made them kings and priests (or a kingdom of priests) to their God.