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Category Archives: Gospel of Luke

Jesus’ Ascension and the Holy Spirit

Jesus' AscensionThe text says that Jesus led his disciples as far as Bethany (Luke 24:50), but this location is really on the Mount of Olives. Just as Jerusalem’s suburbs included the Mount of Olives, so Bethany’s suburbs also extended to that mountain (Numbers 35:5; cf. Acts 1:12).[1] From here Jesus promised he would send the ‘promise of the Father’ to them (Luke 24:49; Acts 1:4), and Luke tells us that the ‘promise of the Father’ is the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:4-5). Earlier, Jesus referred to the Holy Spirit as ‘another Comforter’, who would be with and remain with his followers and teach them what they needed to know about Jesus (John 14:16, 26). Peter interpreted ‘the promise of the Father’ to be the phenomenon that occurred to the 120 in the upper room and so affected them on that Pentecost day (Acts 2:33). Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 23, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Cherry-picking Scripture Leads to Error

Text without Context

from Google Images

Jesus reminded the disciples of what he had told them before they arrived in Jerusalem, namely, that all things written in the scriptures concerning him must be fulfilled (Luke 24:44). Moreover, this pertained to how he would be mistreated and mocked by the Jewish leaders, and how he would be scourged and crucified by the gentiles, but he would rise again on the third day (cf. Luke 18:31-34; 24:25-26). He then began to open their understanding of the scriptures (Luke 24:45; cf. Acts 16:14), but this may not have been like switching on a light in order to dispel their darkness. Rather, it may have taken several appearances, before the disciples fully understood and embraced what Jesus had been telling them for some time (cf. Acts 1:3). One doesn’t rid himself of false doctrine very easily or all at once. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 20, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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The Astonishing Power of False Doctrine

False Doctrine

from Google Images

It is often presumed by Biblical scholars that, because the Apostles presumed Jesus was a spirit and Jesus’ statement that he was not a spirit (Luke 24:37, 39) confirms the doctrine that there are indeed disembodied spirits, but this is a very poor interpretation of the text. For example, the Lord’s mention of the gods in the Old Testament cannot be construed to mean there are actually gods like Molech, Baal, or Chemosh etc. When one wishes to expose the lies of a false doctrine, one often needs to refer to the lie by name. This is what Jesus did. The Pharisees believed in spirits of the dead (Acts 23:9) and, therefore, would have taught the people so. Jesus’ invitation for the disciples to touch him and place their fingers in his wounds was meant, not only for them to believe he was risen indeed, but to expose the Pharisees’ false doctrine for what it was. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 18, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Jesus Appears to His Disciples

Jesus Appearance to the Disciples

from Google Images

Those of us who embrace Jesus as our Savior often take it for granted that, once Jesus appeared to his disciples after his resurrection, they immediately recognized and believed that what he told them was true, namely, he would go to Jerusalem, and the authorities would arrest him, turn him over to the gentiles, and they would crucify him, but he would also be raised to life after three days. Nevertheless, if we do believe this, it isn’t so. Even after Jesus appeared to his Apostles and other disciples, most of them still didn’t believe he had risen from the dead. This is how great a power their previous worldview exercised over their accepting what their eyes and ears and hands clearly told them. They simply would not believe what the facts distinctly revealed. They kept making allowances for what contradicted what they still believed. Pretty much, this is exactly what we can expect of anyone who has had his worldview challenged by the Gospel. Folks simply do not want to give up what they believe about reality. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 16, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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The Upper Room

Upper Room

from Google Images

There is a place in Jerusalem today called The Cenacle or “dining room.” It comes from the Latin cenare, meaning to dine, and it is traditionally believed to be the very site where Jesus and his disciples shared their last meal, before he was crucified. Both Mark and Luke use the Greek anogeon (G508 – Mark 14:15; Luke 22:12), but Luke uses a different Greek word, huperoon (G5253) in Acts, where the 120 met together (Acts 1:13), and where Dorcas, whom Peter raised from the dead, was laid out (Acts 9:37, 39) and where Paul met with the brethren from Asia (Acts 20:8). Yet, the word probably indicates the same type of room where the Last Supper was held. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 13, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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How Jesus Was Made Known

Jesus' Made Known in Emmaus

from Google Images

When the two disciples who walked and spoke with Jesus arrived in Emmaus, Jesus made out like he would continue (Luke 24:28), because travelers, who wished to cover great distances and had a significant amount of daylight left, wouldn’t normally stop early for the day, unless they were invited to do so. The Greek word (G4364) means to make a show or pretend. It is used only here in the New Testament and in the Septuagint only at Job 19:14 where Job claims that his friends would pretend they didn’t know him. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 11, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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The Unbelief of the Two Disciples

Unbelief of 2 on way to Emmaus

from Google Images

As two of his disciples walked to Emmaus, Jesus asked them what they were discussing so seriously (Luke 24:17). The two seemed astonished with Jesus’ question, and one named Cleopas replied, wondering how there could be even one pilgrim in Jerusalem who didn’t know about the recent events that occurred there (Luke 24:18). It is, therefore, implied that the stranger (Jesus) was coming out of Jerusalem, so the city was still in view. Therefore, Jesus had joined them very near the time in which they had departed the city themselves. So, consequently, it was perceived by the two that Jesus couldn’t have been coming from any other direction. This makes Jesus’ appearance to the two men not long after they left the other disciples in the Upper Room. So it was still very early in the morning, perhaps cir. 6:30 to 7:00 AM as we measure time today. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 9, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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The Third Day

Third Day

from Google Images

Just because the Apostles and other disciples of Jesus wouldn’t believe in Jesus’ resurrection, doesn’t mean they had lost all hope. It is true that they didn’t look for Jesus to walk out of the grave, but the mention of the third day by the two traveling to Emmaus indicates that they did look for something to occur three days after Jesus was crucified (Luke 24:21). Nevertheless, how should we understand this? They couldn’t have mentioned the three days in the context of Jesus’ promise to rise again, otherwise their faith in that promise, i.e. to at least look for his resurrection, would have permitted the two to recognize Jesus who walked with them. Moreover their disbelief of the women’s witness, saying it was pure nonsense, shows they couldn’t have been looking for Jesus to rise from the dead. So, what significance did the three days have for Jesus’ disciples? Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 6, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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The Unbelief of the Disciples

Unbelief of the disciples

from Google Images

The Apostles and the other (male) disciples of Jesus simply wouldn’t believe the testimony of the women (Mark 16:11), for the same reason they couldn’t believe Jesus’ testimony that he would rise again the third day(Matthew 16:21-22; cf. John 12:34). They simply had no context in their worldview where such an understanding would fit (Mark 9:31-32), and they were afraid to ask Jesus to clear up their ignorance. Therefore, they considered the report of the women nothing more than idle tales (Luke 24:11). The Greek word (G3026) is used only here in the New Testament, but it is used in secular literature as a medical term for delirium or hysteria. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 4, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Jesus’ Appearance on the Way to Emmaus

Jesus and the Two on the Way to Emmaus

from Google Images

Luke tells us that, on the same day in which Jesus rose from the dead, two of his disciples left Jerusalem and journeyed toward Emmaus (Luke 24:13). Josephus writes of an Emmaus, west of Jerusalem.[1] He says it is 60 furlongs from Jerusalem. Luke tells us that two men walked to and from Emmaus in 1 day, which was from Jerusalem three score or 60 stadia (G4712 – Luke 24:13; cf. Luke 24 33, 36; John 20:19). Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 2, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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A Hidden Highlight in Jesus’ Appearances

Wave Sheaf

from Google Images

When chronology can be discerned, the order of Jesus’ post resurrection appearances is often very important. One such instance concerns the chronology of Jesus’ appearances to the women. It seems the first two of Jesus’ post-resurrection appearances were to Mary Magdalene (John 20:11-18) and the other to a group of women on their way back to Jerusalem from the gravesite (Matthew 28:8-10). Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were probably part of the Bethany group of women, which I presume arrived at the tomb before the Jerusalem party, because they wondered about the stone (Mark 16:1-3), but the Jerusalem party did not (Luke 24:1-2). The reason being, Mary Magdalene had met them on their way to the tomb, after she left to tell Peter and the other disciple that someone had stolen the body, and informed them what she had already found. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 30, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Why Were the Women Afraid?

Women at the Tomb afraid

from Google Images

When the women came to the sepulcher where Jesus was laid, they found the stone that sealed the tomb (Matthew 27:66) was rolled away (Luke 24:2-3). Luke tells us that the women were perplexed (G1280). That is, didn’t know why the tomb was empty (Luke 24:4-5). In other words, the thought that Jesus had arisen from the dead, hadn’t even occurred to any of them. The Greek word (G1280) is used of Herod being in doubt of who Jesus was in Luke 9:7. It is also used for the confusion of the chief priests and the captain of the Temple when they found out the Apostles had escaped their prison cell and were teaching in the Temple (Acts 5:34). Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 28, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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How Many Came to Anoint Jesus’ Body?

Women at the Tomb

from Google Images

Scholars have tried to piece together the four witnesses in a manner in which told one clear story about what occurred on Resurrection Sunday, but some of the differences in the four Gospel records prevent a definitive chronology that would be accepted by all. To be sure, there is no doubt among believers that the records are true as they pertain to Jesus rising from the dead, but the order in which his resurrection was discovered and the chronology of his later appearances leave many in doubt of an accurate and orderly arrangement. Therefore, whatever may be said about the chronology of the day’s events should be taken with some skepticism, since another, and perhaps equally plausible account, could be presented by someone else. There simply isn’t enough information in all four witnesses to establish chronology beyond doubt. That said, I will now begin to offer my understanding of those events. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 26, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Jesus’ Post Resurrection Appearances

Jesus appears to Mary - 1

from Google Images

Below one will find a chart with approximate times of Jesus’ appearances to folks, after he rose from the dead. Obviously, seeking absolute accuracy is impossible. The scriptures simply are not that detailed that they would offer such precision, so some guesswork needs to take place in such an endeavor. Nevertheless, what appears below will agree with the scriptures. Some things that I have written will not be embraced by all, but that’s okay. I have endeavored to be as accurate as the scriptures would allow me to be. I haven’t knowingly assumed any doctrine of men, rather, interpreted what I have seen in the word of God and wrote what seemed good to me. I hope that even among those who disagree with me that one can understand why I have interpreted the scriptures in the manner in which he reads here. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 23, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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How Was Jesus Buried and When?

Jesus' Tomb

from Google Images

A man named Joseph took upon himself the responsibility to bury Jesus (Luke 23:50-53). He went to Pilate and all three Synoptics declare he asked, perhaps begged for Jesus’ body, that it would be given him for burial (Luke 23:52; cf. Matthew 27:57-58; Mark 15:43-45). According to the Gospel of John, Joseph had been a disciple of Jesus, but a secret one, who came to Jesus at night (John 19:38). It is interesting that none of the Synoptics tell us that his relationship with Jesus was a secret one. They say only that Joseph was a righteous man (Luke 23:50, a rich man and a disciple (Matthew 27:57), and that he waited for the Kingdom of God (Mark 15:43). It is almost as though the author of the Gospel of John makes a confession about himself. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 21, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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