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Tag Archives: Antioch

Who Is the Author of the Third Gospel?

Who Was Luke

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Most biblical scholars believe that both the Gospel of Luke and Acts were written by the same person. Both were written to a man named Theophilus, and in Acts 1:1 the author writes of a former treatise, written to the same recipient. One thing seems certain, if we know the author of either work, we have probably found the author of both. Tradition tells us the name of the author of both works is Luke.[1] The earliest witnesses we have, dating within 200 years of penning Luke and Acts, conclude: Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on March 20, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Paul’s First Argument with Peter

from Google Images

from Google Images

Paul tells us in Galatians 2 that, while Peter was staying at Antioch, Paul confronted him over an incident that developed over a visit from men sent by James. It may be that after the death of James, the brother of John, in Acts 12 that Peter fled to Antioch, a place out of the jurisdiction of King Herod Agrippa. While Peter was there he had no problem eating with his gentile brethren. However, everything changed, when the men from James arrived. Presumably, they had been sent to alert the Christian communities among the gentiles (viz. at Antioch and the churches in Galatia) that the predicted famine (cp. Acts 11:27-29) had arrived and Jerusalem’s reserves for the poor were dangerously low. They needed help. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on March 24, 2015 in Epistle to the Galatians, Paul

 

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Did Paul Intend to Visit Jerusalem?

Some scholars have a problem believing Paul ever intended to visit Jerusalem when he left Corinth, because neither he nor Luke mentions that intention. I love to study scholarly reviews of the text, and see the things that they see, because my eyes are simply not trained to pick these things out. But, I almost pity them in their search of exactitudes that will permit them to believe this or that about the text. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on March 12, 2013 in Paul's 2nd Missionary Journey, Textual Criticism

 

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Who Received the Apostolic Decrees

Since Luke seems to place great importance upon the Jerusalem Council, it should be asked who received the letter from James, and more importantly, who received the Apostolic Decrees, if James’ four abstentions were required of all gentiles, if fellowship between them and Jewish believers was an issue. This letter from the Jerusalem Council, signed by James and perhaps other elders from the Jerusalem church, is never mentioned again in the New Testament. Is the great controversy upon which Luke places such importance nothing more than a ‘flash in the pan’ so to speak? Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on December 31, 2012 in Gospel, Jerusalem Council

 

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Circumcision ~ What’s at Stake?

Jews were not the only people who practiced circumcision. Some of the men in Arabia practiced it as well. They were among Abraham’s sons, and circumcision was among their traditional customs, just as it was for the Jew, but only the Jews took it so seriously as to draw their identity from its practice. Anyone among the Jews who was not circumcised was cut off from his people. Eventually, the practice of circumcision came to include the whole Mosaic Law. So, to be circumcised, according to Judaism, meant that one embraced the Torah, as well. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on December 9, 2012 in circumcision, Jerusalem Council

 

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The Peter-Paul Faceoff at Antioch

Many Biblical scholars seem to think Paul’s conflict with Peter at Antioch occurred after the Jerusalem Council. I don’t believe that reasoning is correct. In his letter to the Galatians, Paul claimed that he visited Jerusalem twice before he wrote his epistle—once three years after his conversion (Galatians 1:18), and a second time fourteen years after he met Jesus on the Damascus road (Galatians 2:1). Some scholars conclude that Paul either missed a visit (Acts 11:28-30; 12:25), or Paul’s visit fourteen years later occurred during the famine, and the Jerusalem Council visit occurred sometime later, perhaps after he left Corinth in Acts 18. Nevertheless, the ‘two’ are the same visit. That is, the Famine-Relief visit and the Jerusalem Council visit were one and the same visit, and occurred cir. 49 CE. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on December 7, 2012 in circumcision, Textual Criticism

 

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The Gospel Goes Out From Antioch

Formerly the Gospel was always seen in Acts as going out from Jerusalem, but from chapter 13 and onward, Luke has it going out from Antioch, and he is silent about Jerusalem’s activities. Antioch was the third largest city in the Empire, behind Rome and Alexandria. As in every major city of the Empire, Antioch was the home of a large Jewish colony, which attracted many gentile God-fearers and proselytes. It was here in Antioch that the first predominantly Christian church arose, and it was here where we were first called Christian. Luke tells us now of how Antioch began to send out emissaries with the Good News outward to Cyprus, Asia Minor and eventually to Europe. The new age of God’s rule extending to the uttermost parts of the earth began to take shape at this time and from this city. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on October 22, 2012 in Gospel, Paul First Missionary Journey

 

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They Called Us Christian at Antioch

Personally, I don’t like to refer to believers as Christian before Acts 11:19-30, because until that time there were no Christians per se. We referred to ourselves as followers of the Way (Christ—cp. John 14:6), and up until Antioch most believers were either Jewish or Jewish proselytes No doubt Paul was preaching to both Jews and gentiles in Syria-Cilicia where his hometown of Tarsus was located, but no one was called Christian, until believers from Cyprus and Cyrene preached to gentiles in Antioch. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on October 4, 2012 in Christianity, Religion & Politics

 

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Who Were the Men From James?

At first when Paul tells us that men from James arrived in Antioch and drew Peter and Barnabas away from the table fellowship of Jewish and Gentile believers (Galatians 2:11-13), one thinks that James actually sent these men, but it is something he specifically denied in Acts 15. I think we should probably understand the phrase as being equal to “…men from the Jerusalem church.” James seems to have been the acknowledged leader of the Jerusalem community of believers by this time, which was after the expulsion of the Apostles under the Agrippa persecution of the early 40s CE (Acts 12). Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on February 26, 2011 in false brethren, New Testament History, Religion

 

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When Did Paul Confront Peter in Antioch?

Often, when reading about the events that Paul mentions in his letter to the Galatians I am told that Paul’s confrontation in Antioch with Peter occurred after the Jerusalem council. The reasoning behind this is that Paul addresses Peter’s own words that salvation rests not in works but in faith alone. Notice: Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on February 17, 2011 in Gospel, New Testament History, Religion

 

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Paul Moves to Antioch!

In an earlier blog I had suggested that Paul’s move to Tarsus had a prophetic implication. It is suggested in a book I have read: “Paul: Between Damascus and Antioch” by Martin Hengle and Anna Maria Schwemer, that Paul deliberately placed himself in the position to fulfill prophecy which he saw in Genesis in Noah’s prayer: “God enlarge Japhet, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem” (Genesis 9:27). Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on February 16, 2011 in Gospel, New Testament History, Religion

 

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How Did the Gospel Spread so Rapidly?

There are several things that catch my eye in Acts 13. Paul and Barnabas head off on their first missionary journey from Antioch, and took Mark with them. They locked horns in a spiritual battle with a sorcerer on the island of Cyprus, after which Paul seemed to become the acknowledged leader of the group. Then they sailed off for the mainland where Paul and company preached in the synagogues of Galatia, but Mark left and headed for Jerusalem immediately after their visit to the synagogue in Perga. Why did Mark leave? This always puzzled me years ago as a young believer, and why did he return to Jerusalem? He was sent out from Antioch. Was he homesick and wanted to return to mommy? This doesn’t seem to fit, but I’ll speak more of this when we come to Acts 15, because, whatever occurred, it was serious enough to separate Barnabas and Paul, after they’d been through so much together. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on December 6, 2009 in Gospel, Religion

 

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The Disciples Became Known as Christians

News of Peter’s visit to Cornelius (cir. 39-40 CE) must have gotten around to those scattered abroad due to the persecution that developed over Stephen’s Gospel. Many of those who fled for their lives were afraid and preached to Jews only, but the implication in Acts 11:19-20 is that upon hearing that Peter preached to the gentiles, those who fled due to the persecution took courage and developed a plan to reach out to the gentile sectors of Antioch. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on November 30, 2009 in Gospel, Religion

 

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