Tag Archives: Caesar

Come Out of Her My People

Babylon Come out of her my people

from Google Images

Late in his ministry, Jesus told parables about merchants, the first in Matthew (Matthew 25:14-30) and the second in Luke (Luke 19:12-27). In these stories the merchants were Jesus’ disciples who acted out of faith to gain other disciples for Jesus, thus, enlarging the Kingdom of God.[1] The point is that “the merchants of the earth, (who) were waxed rich through the abundance of the great harlot’s delicacies” (Revelation 18:3), were the followers of the leadership of the Jerusalem’s authorities, who had rejected the Gospel by persecuting Jesus’ servants. These merchants were those who peddled Judaism around the world, and their works benefited from the adulterous acts of Jerusalem, the great harlot of the first century AD. In other words as the Jews looked to Caesar more and more (John 19:15), and the more they benefited in terms of wealth and prominence in Caesar’s world, the more Judaism was held in high esteem. Read the rest of this entry »


Posted by on March 5, 2020 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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Who Is the Fallen Star?

AnnasIn an earlier study I identified the star in Revelation 8:10 as the Jewish leadership, especially the high priest at Jerusalem. The Third Trumpet indicated widespread persecution against those who preached the Gospel. Therefore, such persecution had to have a common source. Something that involves common matters doesn’t spring up over a wide area of the world at the same time without it having a common source. Someone in high authority is responsible for such a thing. This authority must have had influence over the areas where the persecution took place, and the only authority in the Roman Empire, other than the Emperor, himself, who had such authority over the Jews was the high priest at Jerusalem. Therefore, the fallen star must be a Jewish high priest, but which one? Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on August 25, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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The Doctrine of Balaam

Baalim - Doctrine - 2

from Google Images

Although the church at Pergamos had been preaching the Gospel, while holding fast to the name of Jesus and had not denied the faith, even under the pressure of risking their lives, Jesus said they had among themselves those who held to the doctrine of Balaam (Revelation 2:14)! What does this mean? Who was Balaam, and what was his doctrine? Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on March 31, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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The Charges Against Jesus

Brought Before Pilate

from Google Images

After finding Jesus guilty of blasphemy, a verdict requiring death under the Mosaic Law (Leviticus 24:16), the Sanhedrin, immediately, brought Jesus to the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate (Luke 23:1; cf. 3:1), because, under Roman Law, the Jewish authorities had no right to execute anyone for a crime (John 18:31). Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on July 17, 2018 in Gospel of Luke


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Render to Caesar…

Render unto Caesar

from Google Images

The rabbis among the Sanhedrin conspired with the Herodians to catch Jesus in his words. They sent their own disciples with the Herodians as spies, pretending to be honest seekers of truth (Luke 20:20; Matthew 22:15; Mark 12:13). However, Jesus knew their hypocrisy, and Matthew even says Jesus called them hypocrites (Luke 20:23; Matthew 22:17-21; Mark 12:14-17). Jesus told them to bring him the tribute money. It was a Roman denarius, and just like the Jews wouldn’t accept just any coin for the Temple tax, but it had to be a certain one minted in Tyre, neither would Rome accept any coin but the Roman denarius for the tribute money. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on April 29, 2018 in Gospel of Luke


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Should We Pay Tribute to Caesar?

Jesus in the Temple

from Google Images

Everybody loves a debate between friends and enemies they know. Presidential debates in the United States are some of the most watched of televised controversies. The Kennedy-Nixon debates preceding the 1960 Presidential Election are probably the most famous in modern times, and may even be responsible for our present interest in seeing the presidential candidates go toe-to-toe in taking on the important issues that face the leaders of our world today. The problem is that most politicians, while making a great show of answering these questions, in reality evade taking a stand on any of the issues, because they fear what effect their words will have on the electorate. In other words, they fear the people. Such was true in Jesus’ day, as well, except for one thing. Jesus went toe-to-toe with his accusers and didn’t evade anything. It cost him his life, but the Gospel narratives show that Jesus did, indeed, stand for something, unlike what we see today in American politics or in 1st century AD Judaism. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on April 26, 2018 in Gospel of Luke


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Jesus at Caesarea Philippi


from Google Images

It may be significant that, after he had defused the immediate Messianic hopes of the people at Capernaum, Jesus again left the jurisdiction of Herod Antipas for a region governed by Herod Philip, Caesarea Philippi (Luke 9:18; cf. Mark 8:27). Why Jesus chose Caesarea Philippi as a place to take the Apostles at this point is a matter of interpretation. Personally, I believe Jesus had a purpose and that purpose seems to concern the fact that he was about to begin telling his disciples about his coming sufferings and eventual crucifixion (cf. Luke 9:22). Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on February 28, 2017 in Gospel of Luke


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The Crown of the Faithful


from Google Images

Peter tells us that the faithful elder could expect the crown of glory that fades not away, and this he will receive at the appearing of the Chief Shepherd (1Peter 5:4). The time of Jesus’ appearing has been discussed before, and it concerns when it will become clear to all that Jesus is really the Christ (Messiah), whom the Jews so long expected. This would be made clear when the Jews were judged for rejecting their Messiah and his Gospel, which occurred in 70 AD with the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple. Therefore, whatever crown Peter referred to would have been given the elders at that time. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on February 6, 2017 in Epistles of Peter


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Suffering as a Christian


from Google Images

In our 2000 year history the name Christian has become associated with followers of Jesus and, indeed, identifies us more than any other word. In some instances it has become associated with political power. Kings have had Christian leaders as their advisors and exercised their mighty power to satisfy Christian desires, whether for good or for evil. Even in modern America, presidential candidates dare not openly denounce the name for fear of that hurting their ability to successfully take hold of the Presidency. Nevertheless, Peter tells his readers in Asia Minor, if they suffer as a Christian, don’t be ashamed (1Peter 4:16). Why would he word this part of his letter this way? Earlier he spoke about the blessing associated with suffering for the name of Christ, but now he speaks of shame. How does shame enter into the context of Peter’s letter? Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on January 27, 2017 in Epistles of Peter


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Why Did Joseph Go to Bethlehem?

Joseph and Mary - 1

from Google Images

Throughout the world the oath of loyalty to Caesar was taken in the Temples of Augustus at the altars, but, as Josephus often shows, exceptions were always made for the Jews who worshiped only one God. Throughout Herod’s kingdom the people would have enrolled themselves at their local synagogues in the cities in which they lived (Luke 2:3), but Joseph and all those who were “of the house and lineage of David” (Luke 2:4) were an exception to this rule. Joseph and others who might be thought of as laying claim to David’s crown had to register in Bethlehem. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on May 17, 2016 in Gospel of Luke


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Did Augustus Tax the World?

Pater Patriae - 2

from Google Images

In the King James version of Luke’s Gospel, it states that Caesar Augustus made a decree that the whole world should be taxed, and that this taxation occurred during the time when Cyrenius was governor of Syria (Luke 2:1-2). The problem with Luke’s statement[1] is that most historians would disagree on several counts. First, Cyrenius (Quirinius) wasn’t governor of Syria until cir. 6-7 AD, several years after the death of Herod the Great, whom Matthew claims was reigning at the time of the birth of Jesus (Matthew 2:1), as does Luke, who ties both infancy narratives together, showing John was only 6 months older than Jesus (Luke 1:26, 36), and Luke introduces Caesar’s decree by saying: “It came to pass in those days…” (Luke 2:1) i.e. in the days of Herod, the king of Judea (Luke 1:5; cf. Luke 1:39). Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on May 10, 2016 in Gospel of Luke


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Who is Theophilus of Luke and Acts?

High Priest

(c) Sunderland Museum & Winter Gardens; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

Knowing the identity of Theophilus (Luke 1:3), could be key to understanding important themes within the narrative. Is he a believer, as some suppose, who was already instructed in the truth whose faith Luke was hoping to strengthen (Luke 1:4)? Some suppose the name is simply a title for all Christians. The name, “Theophilus” means lover or friend of God. While this may be true concerning a Christian, no other New Testament book or epistle is addressed in this manner. Moreover, neither is any work or letter of the early church fathers addressed this way. Therefore, such a conclusion should be understood as based solely upon supposition, not related to anything within the text itself, or anything outside the text that could be tied to either Luke or Acts. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on April 3, 2016 in Gospel of Luke


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Paul in Festus’ Court

Festus remained in Jerusalem about ten days before returning to Caesarea. He arrived there with an assembly of the Jewish ruling class. On the following day Festus sent for Paul and put him before his court. Luke says Paul was surrounded by men accusing him of wrongdoing (Acts 25:7), but none of them offered any proof to support what they claimed Paul had done. Once again, Luke shows that those who opposed Paul did so without merit, reminding us of the words of Jesus: “They hated me without cause” (John 15:25). Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on June 2, 2013 in Kingdom of God, Paul in bonds


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Paul—A Thorn in the Side of Festus!

Felix had left the government of Palestine without ever making a decision about Paul. Whereupon, after Festus arrived at Caesarea and had gone up to Jerusalem, he was informed by the Jewish authorities there that Paul, Festus’ prisoner, ought not to live. However, Festus wouldn’t agree to send for Paul to be brought to Jerusalem, because he thought it better for his accusers to come with him to Caesarea an there make their case against Paul (Acts 25:1-5).

The problem was the Jews made accusations, but were unable to prove anything, and this surprised Festus, for he was expecting some kind of evidence to warrant their demands for execution. However, he made the mistake of wishing to please the Jewish authorities and thereby begin his term as their governor on friendly terms. He asked Paul, since Festus was unfamiliar with Jewish law, if he were willing to go to Jerusalem and be judged by the Sanhedrin in his (Festus’) presence? Paul made it known to Festus that it should be obvious to the governor that he had committed no crime worthy of death, which would have been the sure outcome of such a trial. So, Paul appealed to be heard by Caesar to settle the matter (Acts 25:6-11). Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on January 27, 2010 in Religion, Religion & Politics


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Daniel Brings us from Herod to Golgotha


from Google Images

Previously, I wrote of how Herod the Great fit into Daniel’s final prophecy (Daniel 11-12). The remainder of Daniel 11 turns to Caesar (the king of the north), the ruler of Egypt (the king of the south) and brings us to Christ. Read the rest of this entry »


Posted by on December 21, 2009 in Christmas, Religion


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