RSS

Tag Archives: Gospel

What Does Jesus Say about Pergamos?

Pergamum

from Google Images

In Revelation 2:13 Jesus told the church in Pergamos that he knew their works, which means he knew the Gospel they preached. Their works, or their business for Christ, was no different from the works of Ephesus or Smyrna or any of the other churches to whom Jesus sent letters via the Apocalypse. Their work is the Gospel they preached. Moreover, the Lord implied they had preached the Gospel during times of duress. Notice, he tells them that he knows they dwell in the place where Satan’s throne is. That is, the church preached the Gospel in the shadow of the power of the enemy. Things like this cannot be done without conflict of some kind. Secondly, Jesus told believers at Pergamos that he knew they continue to preach the Gospel, knowing that doing so could cost their lives, even as Antipas lost his life, while witnessing for Christ. Read the rest of this entry »

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on March 28, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,

The Church in Pergamos

Pen Mightier than the Sword

from Google Images

Pergamos was an ancient city in Mysia, some sixty miles northeast of Smyrna and the northern most city on the ancient Roman mail route in the Province of Asia. Pergamos is the Latin pronunciation of the Greek Pergamum. The original city was situated atop of a prominent mountain along the Caicus river, which emptied into the Aegean Sea about twenty miles west of the city. Later the city was built at the foot of the mountain, and the city’s temples to various gods stood atop the mount. Its name, Pergamos (G4010) is taken from pergos (G4444), meaning: tower or a fortified structure, so the mountain (viz. tower) formed a citadel, giving the impression that the city’s gods were able to withstand any attack of an enemy. Unlike Smyrna and Ephesus, which were renowned for their trade on the Aegean Sea, Pergamos was known for its culture and refinement, boasting of its large library whose only rival was that of Alexandria in Egypt, and its many temples to the honor of its numerous gods, including Asclepius, the serpent god of medicine and health. Read the rest of this entry »

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on March 26, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation

 

Tags: , , , , , , , ,

What Does Jesus Know about Smyrna?

Smyrna - 1

from Google Images

In Revelation 2:9 Jesus says that he knows Smyrna’s works (G2041), tribulation (G2347), and poverty (G4432). In his letter to the church of Ephesus, Jesus said he knew the their works (G2041), their labor or toil (G2873) and their patience (G5281). The works (G2041) are the same, in both Smyrna and Ephesus, i.e. the spreading of the Gospel, but how is tribulation (G2347) in Smyrna different from toil (G2873) in Ephesus? Both churches were occupied with the same business (G2041), the Gospel. However, for Ephesus Jesus emphasized the trouble or pressure (G2873) believers had gone through in order to preach the Gospel, while for Smyrna Jesus showed he knew of the actual affliction or tribulation (G2347) they were under. In his letter to Ephesus, Jesus emphasized the inner pressure or distress believers endured, but his letter to Smyrna emphasized the cause of that inner oppression. In other words Jesus knew what others were doing to his people. Read the rest of this entry »

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on March 14, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation

 

Tags: , , , , , , ,

The Persecution at Ephesus

Persecution at Ephesus

from Google Images

According to Peter’s epistles, believers in the Roman provinces of Asia Minor—that is, the provinces of Asia (of which Ephesus was a major city) Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Bithynta—were undergoing a season of persecution (1Peter 1:1, 6-7; cf. 5:10). Peter called upon believers to suffer the wrongdoing patiently (1Peter 2:20), which implies working against the natural tendency to retaliate in some manner. Bullying and violence promote a like response. To be reproached for the name of Christ is an honor, not something to be ashamed of (1Peter 4:14, 16), because the Spirit of God rests upon such a one who suffers for the sake of Christ’s name. Read the rest of this entry »

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on March 5, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Leaving Their First Love

First Love

from Google Images

The church at Ephesus had tested those who had pretended to be apostles and found them to be impostors, but one has to wonder how such people could ever have gotten to a position within the church, where it became important to understand their motives. Paul spoke of people who had followed up on his ministry in Galatia in order to undo the work he had done there for the sake of the Gospel. He said they were “false brethren brought in unawares, who came in secretly to spy out our liberty, which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage” (Galatians 2:4). He later described such folks as false apostles, deceitful workers who sought to be seen as ministers of righteousness (2Corinthians 11:13, 15). Their purpose was to divide the flock into parties or sects through flattering words and an appearance of the love for the truth (cf. Romans 16:17-18). Read the rest of this entry »

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on March 3, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation

 

Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Children of the Resurrection

Children of the Resurrection - 1

from Google Images

In my previous study I began to highlight Jesus’ discussion with the Sadducees (Luke 20:27-38), which on the one hand called the resurrection into question, but Jesus also placed the resurrection in the context of preaching the Gospel. Many Christians think Jesus spoke of an age when men and women wouldn’t marry or have children, but this is not the point of Jesus’ reply to the Sadducees (Luke 20:34-36). The context of the discussion concerns how men become the children of God (Deuteronomy 14:1). The Sadducees argued that the resurrection couldn’t be valid, because their myth (Luke 20:27-33), if placed in the context of the levirate marriage law, made the resurrection appear as though it were a ridiculous doctrine. Read the rest of this entry »

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on December 13, 2018 in 70 AD Eschatology

 

Tags: , , , , , , , ,

In The Fullness of Time

Foundation of the World

from Google Images

Many of the commentaries that I have place Matthew 25:31 and following at the end of time, or the end of the Gospel age. Some don’t even have Christians participating in this judgment, because they had been removed from the earth in the previous age. Yet, nothing like this appears in the plain reading of the scripture. Nothing is said about the end of time. That has to be brought to the table by the person interpreting the scripture. In other words, it is a doctrine of men, because it cannot be found in the scriptures. Neither could the end of the Gospel age be a proper interpretation, because no such thing is ever mentioned in scripture (cf. Daniel 2:44). It, too, is a doctrine of men. What does the scripture actually say? Read the rest of this entry »

 
9 Comments

Posted by on December 9, 2018 in 70 AD Eschatology

 

Tags: , , , , , , , ,