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The Upper Room

Upper Room

from Google Images

There is a place in Jerusalem today called The Cenacle or “dining room.” It comes from the Latin cenare, meaning to dine, and it is traditionally believed to be the very site where Jesus and his disciples shared their last meal, before he was crucified. Both Mark and Luke use the Greek anogeon (G508 – Mark 14:15; Luke 22:12), but Luke uses a different Greek word, huperoon (G5253) in Acts, where the 120 met together (Acts 1:13), and where Dorcas, whom Peter raised from the dead, was laid out (Acts 9:37, 39) and where Paul met with the brethren from Asia (Acts 20:8). Yet, the word probably indicates the same type of room where the Last Supper was held. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on September 13, 2018 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Jesus’ Visit to Bethany

Mary of Bethany

from Google Images

Martha, the sister of Mary and Lazarus, received Jesus into her home (Luke 10:38), which was located in Bethany (John 11:1). The fact that Jesus and his disciples enjoyed at least a meal and shelter in Martha’s home (Luke 10:38), which was less than two miles from Jerusalem (John 11:18), shows that Jesus had finally arrived at his destination, Jerusalem, to celebrate the Passover (cf. Luke 9:51). Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on May 28, 2017 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Mary Magdalene

mary-magdalene-4

from Google Images

I am surprised with the dogmatism of commentaries that show their authors had studied the Scriptures referring to Mary Magdalene and the unnamed woman sinner in Luke 7:36-50, and, almost with a single voice, conclude identification of the unnamed woman is impossible. This is especially true, if one tries to show Mary Magdalene is the woman in Luke 7 who is known to be a sinner. In fact, some commentators even conclude it would be impossible to say Mary was a great sinner at all, despite the fact that Luke tells us Jesus had cast out seven demons from her (Luke 8:2). While it is true the demonic possession was viewed as an illness in the 1st century AD, it is also true that, because Jesus forgave sins through the miracle of healing (cf. Luke 5:23-24), sinful behavior was understood to be manifest in an illness or demonic possession. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on January 5, 2017 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Who is the Unnamed Woman of Luke 7?

mary-magdalene

from Google Images

The Synoptics all record an unnamed woman who anointed Jesus during or just after a meal at which he was a guest of honor. Both Matthew and Mark record the meal near the end of his public ministry in Matthew 26:1-13 and Mark 14:1-9, but Luke mentions the event closer to the beginning of his ministry, just after the beginning of his second year (Luke 7:36-50). The fourth Gospel is the only one of the narratives that names the woman who anointed Jesus. It was Mary, the sister of Martha, who lived in Bethany (cf. John 12:1-8). The similarity between John’s account and that of Matthew and Mark leaves little doubt that their unnamed woman is, indeed, Mary, Martha’s sister. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on December 27, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Who is Simon the Pharisee?

simon-the-pharisee

from Google Images

As I claimed in another study, Luke presents the supper that Simon the Pharisee held in Jesus’ honor in such a way that it is hinted we should know who the main characters are. This is done, first, by naming the Pharisee. The sect of the Pharisees is mentioned just under ninety times in the Gospel records, yet Simon and Nicodemus (John 3:1) are the only Pharisees identified by name. Why would Luke do this, unless Simon can be identified elsewhere? Secondly, Luke implies identification of the main characters can be accomplished through comparing familiar things done at this banquet that are found elsewhere in the Synoptics and John. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on December 25, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Jesus’ Age and Genealogy

Jesus' genealogy - 1

from Google Images

Only Luke reveals Jesus’ age when he began his public ministry. He was about 30 years old (Luke 3:23). That is, he was born in the autumn of 3 BC,[1] and the time of Jesus baptism was in the 16th year of the reign of Tiberius (27 AD) or one year after John began his ministry (cf. Luke 3:1),[2] making Jesus a full 29 years of age, but in his 30th year (29 to 30 years of age was his 30th year from birth). Some interpreters have tried to draw parallels between Jesus age and the age of Levites entering their service of the Tabernacle (Numbers 4:3 etc.), but I don’t believe this can be done, since Luke really doesn’t commit himself to a full thirty years of age for Jesus. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 9, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Jesus and Samuel the Prophet

Jesus at Twelve - 1

from Google Images

I find it interesting that both Mary and Zacharias refer to Hannah’s song of praise in their own songs (1Samuel 2:1-10),[1] and Luke shows a parallel in the early lives of both Jesus and Samuel. Luke tells us that Joseph and Mary returned to Nazareth (Luke 2:40) where Jesus spent his life before his public ministry. At the age of 12 Jesus returned to Jerusalem at the time of the Passover with his parents (Luke 2:41-42) and caused alarm when he remained in Jerusalem unbeknownst to Joseph and Mary, as they took their journey back to Nazareth (Luke 2:43-.45). It has been said that the women began their journey home before the men, while faster paced men lingered at Jerusalem but were easily able to catch up to the slower traveling women by the day’s end.[2] It appears Mary thought Jesus lingered with the men, while Joseph thought he left earlier with his mother. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on July 7, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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