Tag Archives: Saint Peter

The End of Apostolic Authority in Jerusalem

Most folks think of the Apostolic Age as a period between Pentecost, cir. 31 CE, and the death of the last of the original twelve Apostles. To some degree this is true, but as far as the New Testament is concerned, the centrality of apostolic authority is a dwindling one and ended much earlier—at least as far as the Jerusalem church was concerned. Read the rest of this entry »


Posted by on February 27, 2011 in Apostles, New Testament History, Religion


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Who Were the Men From James?

At first when Paul tells us that men from James arrived in Antioch and drew Peter and Barnabas away from the table fellowship of Jewish and Gentile believers (Galatians 2:11-13), one thinks that James actually sent these men, but it is something he specifically denied in Acts 15. I think we should probably understand the phrase as being equal to “…men from the Jerusalem church.” James seems to have been the acknowledged leader of the Jerusalem community of believers by this time, which was after the expulsion of the Apostles under the Agrippa persecution of the early 40s CE (Acts 12). Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on February 26, 2011 in false brethren, New Testament History, Religion


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When Did Paul Confront Peter in Antioch?

Often, when reading about the events that Paul mentions in his letter to the Galatians I am told that Paul’s confrontation in Antioch with Peter occurred after the Jerusalem council. The reasoning behind this is that Paul addresses Peter’s own words that salvation rests not in works but in faith alone. Notice: Read the rest of this entry »


Posted by on February 17, 2011 in Gospel, New Testament History, Religion


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The Gospel Goes to the Gentiles

Jesus told the apostles that they would be his witnesses to all nations (Matthew 28:19-20), but he never told them how this would be done—only that they would be witnesses to all. Yet, years after his crucifixion and resurrection the apostles are still in Jerusalem. Why? Oh, tradition has it that they were each assigned regions of the world and went out to evangelize the world, but the Scriptures imply, at least for a large part of the first fifteen or so years of church history, the apostles remained at Jerusalem. Didn’t they take the Lord’s word seriously? Read the rest of this entry »


Posted by on February 15, 2011 in Gospel, New Testament History, Religion


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What did Peter and Paul Discuss?

Paul told the Galatians that he had stayed with Peter at Jerusalem for fifteen days (Galatians 1:18), immediately following his escape from Damascus, and the three years since his dramatic life-changing experience with Jesus. Someone in Galatia was claiming Paul’s Gospel was learned from the original 12 Apostles and therefore should be subservient to what they taught the Jews. On the other hand, Paul’s point was he was specifically called by Christ and, seeing that he spent three years in Arabia and Damascus before he sought a meeting with Peter, how could the two weeks he spent with him be construed to mean he was dependent upon him or any of the original Twelve for his Gospel? If we can agree with this conclusion, we may then ask, what was discussed between these two men? I think we can be assured it wasn’t the weather. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on February 9, 2011 in Gospel, New Testament History, Religion


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Paul’s Visit to Jerusalem

Paul’s activity after his heavenly vision in Acts 9 seems to suggest an independence from the Apostles as far as authority is concerned. That is, he didn’t need their approval or authorization to preach the Gospel where and when he thought the Lord led. It was about three years after his transformation that he even attempted to see the Apostles (Acts 9:26-28), and even then his visit arose out of the circumstances at hand. That is, he was no longer able to stay in Damascus, so he was then ready to meet with the Twelve. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on February 8, 2011 in Christianity, New Testament History, Religion


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The Matter of False Brethren

The Distribution of Alms and Death of Ananias.
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The account of Ananias and Sapphira seems a bit strange to me. First of all, nothing is said to introduce the account. Who were they and why did they act in the manner in which they did? Secondly, what prompted Peter to question the sale? Why was he suspicious of them? Later, when Paul tried to join himself to the Apostles, the text said they viewed him with suspicion, and Barnabas had to step forward to alleviate the concerns of the believers at Jerusalem. But, in the case of Ananias, nothing is said to introduce them nor is it later revealed why they were held in suspicion. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on January 16, 2011 in Christianity, New Testament History, Religion


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Having All Things in Common


from Google Images

Immediately after Peter’s first sermon on Pentecost Day we are told in the Scriptures that the believers were in one accord and shared their wealth with those among them who had need (Acts 2:44-45). Although more may be implied in the text, what chapter two does not say outright is that the whole price of the sale was offered to the community of believers. We may be assured that no one lacked, but I don’t think the text actually means the total wealth of the new community was evenly disbursed among all. In fact, later testimony seems to show by the very fact that lands continued to be sold that a totally equal disbursement was never the intended meaning. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on January 15, 2011 in Christianity, New Testament History, Religion


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Concerning the Primacy of Mark

Synoptic Problem - Markan Priority
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In a discussion I had with a Jewish gentleman, we got around to which Gospel might have been written first. His position is that Mark was written first and says he had taken courses that convince him of this position. He made the statement:

“The substance of 606 out of the 661 verses of Mark appears in Matthew, and some 350 of Mark’s verses reappear with little material change in Luke.  Or, to put it another way, out of the 1,068 verses of Matthew, about 500 contain material also found in Mark. Of the 1,149 verses of Luke, about 350 are paralleled in Mark. Altogether, there are only 31 verses in Mark which have no parallel either in Matthew or Luke. From this analysis, one might assume that Mark was in front of Luke and Matthew when they were writing.” Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on September 8, 2010 in Christianity, Religion, Textual Criticism


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Mark and the “Q” Document

Mark and QI have seen it argued that a mysterious “Q” Gospel had to have been written prior to any of the Gospel accounts. Some scholars are a little uncomfortable with the “Q” document premise since there is absolutely no hard evidence for it, but they prefer it over a “Matthew first” position when Mark doesn’t have the miraculous birth or resurrection accounts. The presumption is that these records would have been added to a later version of the Gospel. Nevertheless, if Mark represents the transcript of a series of Peter’s sermons at Rome as 2nd and 3rd century AD witnesses inform us that it is, there would be no reason for a birth account showing genealogies etc. If one is delivering a speech or sermon, a long list of foreign names makes for very dull reading and or listening. Even the mention of the virgin birth would be out of place, unless one described its occurrence and showed how this fit into Jewish tradition and/or was important to gentile Christians. Matthew and Luke were both written for specific reasons, but Mark is described by 2nd and 3rd century witnesses as a transcript of what Peter preached at Rome. It was not intended to be a written witness to prove anything. Rather, it was simply Peter’s testimony at Rome about Jesus of what he had both seen and heard. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on September 6, 2010 in Christianity, Religion, Textual Criticism


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Peter’s Final Words!

Persecution - 5

from Google Images

Peter wrote a second epistle to the five Roman provinces (2Peter 3:1; cf. 1Peter 1:1), and it was to be his final words to them, for Peter claimed his death was near (2Peter 1:14). In this epistle Peter lashed out at the false teachers that had arisen within the churches of God (2Peter 2:1). He wrote as though this particular event was yet future “there shall be,” but he was merely reiterating an earlier prophecy (2Peter 3:2). This prophecy, of course, was true, because Peter claimed these imposters were already feasting with the children of God and were unafraid to do so (2Peter 2:12-13). [1] Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on August 9, 2010 in Christianity, Religion, spiritual warfare


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Peter’s Exhortation During the Persecution


from Google Images

Peter concludes his first epistle by exhorting the elders to feed the flock of God. He mentioned that, if they minister in their office in a godly manner, they would be rewarded when the chief Shepherd appears (1Peter 5:1-4). It could hardly be argued that Peter did not expect Jesus to return during his generation or expected lifetime. If this did not occur, I have already argued that it could be construed Peter was a false prophet. If not, why not? The Scriptures clearly say that anyone who predicts something would occur is a false prophet, if that thing did not occur as they claimed. Why would Peter be an exception? Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on July 29, 2010 in Christianity, Prophecy, Religion


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The End of All Things Is at Hand!

AD 70So says Peter in his first epistle to the five Roman provinces that today are in modern Turkey (1Peter 4:7). What did he mean? The Apostles are accused by some to have preached that Jesus would return in their lifetimes. Is this so? If they did, and Jesus hadn’t returned, wouldn’t that make them false prophets? After all, Moses said that if a prophet arises and speaks something the Lord has not said, and if the matter doesn’t come to pass, the Lord has not said it, then that man is a false prophet, and we should not fear him or believe what he says (Deuteronomy 18:20-22). So, what about Peter? When he spoke of the appearing of Jesus (1Peter 1:7, 13) and the end of all things being at hand (1Peter 4:7), was he saying Jesus would return to this earth in his generation? Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on July 28, 2010 in Christianity, Prophecy, Religion


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Do We Really Trust Jesus?


from Google Images

In chapter three of Peter’s first epistle he wrote to wives and husbands. Why would he think he needed to write to all the churches in the five Roman provinces mentioned in the first chapter about the duties of wives and husbands? Were families under attack? Was this the fiery trial he spoke of in chapter four? Well, I suppose this could be the case, but I believe it would be very unlikely that the families of Messianic believers were singled out by a particular enemy, during the first century AD to be attacked and destroyed. Peter told the believers that the trial they were experiencing was not a strange thing (1Peter 4:12). Rather, their faith was under fire (1Peter 1:7). If Peter was using a metaphor when writing to wives and husbands, what did he mean? Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on July 27, 2010 in Christianity, Religion, spiritual warfare


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Which ‘Coming’ of Jesus?

Second Coming

from Google Images

As I consider the writings of the New Testament, I have to wonder at our modern understanding of the apostolic teaching concerning the coming of Jesus. We seem to offer a picture of the Apostles believing the end was near, but which one of us truly imagines any one of them carrying around signs like “Repent! The End is Near!”? Doesn’t it seem obvious that what we believe is in error, as it pertains to the apostolic understanding of the coming of Christ ? After all, if I truly believed Jesus would return in my lifetime, I would hit the streets every day. My bank account would reflect an expectation of short term needs, and owning a home would never have been a consideration. How about you? Can we expect less of the Apostles?

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Posted by on July 21, 2010 in Prophecy, Religion, Second Coming


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