Tag Archives: works

The Works of Their Hands

Works of their hands

from Google Images

According to Revelation 9:20, they, who were not among the third of the population of the Jewish state who were killed, did not repent of the evil they committed that brought the Lord’s judgment upon them. The text says: they “…repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk” (Revelation 9:20). It is obvious, therefore, that the sin which the Lord judged was idolatry.  Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on September 15, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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Being Rich and Increased with Goods


from Google Images

Presently, I am wrapping up my study of the seven churches of Revelation 2 & 3, as I consider the seventh of those churches. The city of Laodicea was situated along two major trade routes that connected Rome and Europe to Mesopotamia and to Egypt. Laodicea had three major industries. The first was producing a kind of black wool that was world renowned for its exquisite value. Its second industry was medicine, which produced a medicinal salve that boasted of cures for eye disease and other problems. People came to Laodicea from all over the world, seeking cures for their ailments. The third industry was banking, which was made possible by the huge successes of its first two industries. Laodicea became so rich that when its city was destroyed by an earthquake, cir. 60-62 AD, its inhabitants rejected Rome’s offer to help rebuild, saying they didn’t need anyone’s help and decided to rebuild on their own.[1] Read the rest of this entry »


Posted by on May 21, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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The Church of Sardis


from Google Images

The city of Sardis, as we have come to understand in this study of the churches mentioned in Revelation, chapters 2 & 3, is a city in Asia Minor, now western Turkey. It was situated along an ancient Roman mail route beginning in Ephesus and going north to Pergamum and then south through Sardis to Laodicea, and then back to Ephesus. Sardis was a very old city, perhaps dating back to 2000 BC, boasting of being the ancient capital of the Lydian Empire (1200 BC). The city was a walled city that sat atop of a hill, about 1000 feet high, and for centuries it was considered impregnable. However, in its latter years its walls became cracked through lack of vigilance and effort to repair the damage. Therefore, Cyrus the Great was able to capitalize upon Sardis’ failure to be vigilant and tend to its weaknesses. Cyrus conquered the city, reportedly taking $600,000,000 worth of gold and precious stones. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on April 23, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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Rebuke the Adversary Until I Come!


from Google Images

Presently I am involved in a study of the seven churches of Revelation 2 & 3, specifically at this time with the church of Thyatira (Revelation 2:29). Thyatira was the smallest of the seven cities, but it received the largest of Jesus’ letters. The church there was commended for several good things it had been doing, and Jesus even mentioned they were doing more or greater works in their latter ministry than they had been doing in the beginning (Revelation 2:19-20). Nevertheless, they were guilty of permitting a false prophetess, Jezebel (the Jerusalem authorities), to seduce his disciples, removing them from his protection and authority. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on April 18, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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Jezebel’s Judgment and Killing with Death

Kill with Death

From Google Images

In Revelation 2:21 the Lord is still speaking to the leader of the church at Thyatira, and he is speaking about that Jezebel he mentioned in the previous verse. Jezebel is a name for those who claim to be Jews, but are not. That is, they claim to be the people of God, but they don’t obey him. They are the Jews who crucified the Lord. She was given time to repent, probably the time between Jesus’ resurrection and Stephen’s death (cir. 3 1/2 years), but they didn’t. This period was a period of relative safety granted the elect believers, as mentioned in Revelation 12:14. It culminated in spilling righteous blood, so the Jerusalem authorities simply wouldn’t repent. Read the rest of this entry »


Posted by on April 16, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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What Do We Do with Jezebel?


from Google Images

It doesn’t seem that expelling false teachers was an option in the church of God during the first century AD. The Jewish authorities considered Jesus a false teacher, but he wasn’t expelled from the synagogues until late in his public ministry. The threat against folks who confessed Jesus as the Messiah in John 12:42 seems to indicate that Jesus must have been excommunicated late in his ministry. Luke 13:14 is the last time Jesus is mentioned teaching in a synagogue, and this occurred sometime in the third year of his ministry. The fact that the ruler of the synagogue didn’t rebuke Jesus, but did rebuke the people, seems to indicate that Jesus was being shunned by the authorities, except when it was absolutely necessary to speak to him. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on April 14, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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Deception in Thyatira

Jezebel - 1

from Google Images

Thyatira was the smallest of the seven cities on an ancient Roman mail route. Beginning in Ephesus one would travel north to Smyrna and then to Pergamum. At this point the mail rider changed to a southerly direction and came to Thyatira on the left of the road from Pergamum to Sardis.[1] The church of Thyatira is sometimes called the corrupt church, but I believe this has more to do with a forced historical interpretation of the seven churches than anything else. The idea that these churches represent seven eras of church history is completely false. It is eisegesis rather than exegesis. Jesus had some very good things to say about this church, and to conclude that it was a corrupt church in order to fit it into a corrupt era in church history is simply ridiculous. There is absolutely no good reason to do so. In fact, it is slanderous to do so, in my opinion, and that against brethren whom Jesus commended for their labor. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on April 11, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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What Does Jesus Know about Smyrna?

Smyrna - 1

from Google Images

In Revelation 2:9 Jesus says that he knows Smyrna’s works (G2041), tribulation (G2347), and poverty (G4432). In his letter to the church of Ephesus, Jesus said he knew the their works (G2041), their labor or toil (G2873) and their patience (G5281). The works (G2041) are the same, in both Smyrna and Ephesus, i.e. the spreading of the Gospel, but how is tribulation (G2347) in Smyrna different from toil (G2873) in Ephesus? Both churches were occupied with the same business (G2041), the Gospel. However, for Ephesus Jesus emphasized the trouble or pressure (G2873) believers had gone through in order to preach the Gospel, while for Smyrna Jesus showed he knew of the actual affliction or tribulation (G2347) they were under. In his letter to Ephesus, Jesus emphasized the inner pressure or distress believers endured, but his letter to Smyrna emphasized the cause of that inner oppression. In other words Jesus knew what others were doing to his people. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on March 14, 2019 in Apocalypse, Book of Revelation


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It Is God’s Presence in Us

from Google Images

from Google Images

Paul continues to build up his first theological argument by questioning the Galatians how they are sanctified or brought to spiritual perfection (Galatians 3:3). His question is rhetorical. The obvious answer is that we are being brought to maturity through faith. We grow in Christ not by works but through our trusting him to guide us in our new life. It is obvious that the works of the Law are fleshy matters in that anything that requires effort on our part is innately physical and therefore a matter of the flesh. On the other hand, trusting Christ is a spiritual matter Faith is not a physical exercise, because it is accomplished by waiting not working. Faith is completely dependent upon someone else to act. Activity is something done by another, not the one who trusts for the thing to be done. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on April 2, 2015 in Epistle to the Galatians, Paul


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Questions and God’s Promise

God told Abram that he need not be afraid, which means that Abram was, indeed, afraid of something. Abram had just won this huge battle against all odds. He had seen firsthand the favor and power of God. What could he possibly have been afraid of? It is possible that Abram feared future military reprisals from Chedorlaomer and his allies. When the kings got home and started licking their wounds, perhaps they may have asked, “How did Abram’s little army beat up on us?” Abram may have won the battle, but had he won the war? This very question may have been running through his mind at this time. God may have promised Abram the land in Genesis 12:7 and 13:14-17, but there are still lots of bad guys living there. Therefore, the word of God to Abram, “I am a shield to you,” (Genesis 15:1) could be aimed at relieving his fear of future military conflict. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by on March 1, 2014 in Abraham, Walking with God


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