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Tag Archives: Peter

Judgment and Identifying with Others

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The phrase, the end is at hand, or one similar to it has become one of the most used phrases in the mouths of the cynics to show the Bible is merely a book composed by men. If this could be preached throughout the 2000 year history of Christianity, how could anyone take the return of Christ seriously? How could anyone take Scripture seriously, when those named as its composers were so wrong about the return of Christ in the first century AD? Certainly, it is claimed by the cynic, the New Testament shows Peter and Paul not only expected Christ to return in their expected lifetimes, but these men, unquestionably the leaders of the Jesus movement in the first century AD, predicted it. And, the accusation is: “They were wrong—pure and simple!” Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on January 16, 2017 in Epistles of Peter

 

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The Lusts of Men

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Many commentaries on the first epistle of Peter would have us believe that he wrote specifically to gentiles, but I don’t believe this can be adequately supported in Scripture. The word of God tells us that Peter’s specific mission was to Jews (believing and unbelieving), not gentiles. The fact that he was chosen to go to Cornelius in Acts 10 is an anomaly, which had its purpose in getting fundamental Jewish believers to accept the idea that God really does receive gentiles as he does the Jews (cf. Acts 11:1-4, 17-18). In the context of Peter’s first epistle, it is understood in the term Hellenist that Jews, identified as such (cf. John 12:20-21), had made compromises with gentile behavior in order to appear more like them and less like the fundamentalist Jews of Jerusalem. These Hellenist Jews of the Diaspora had made concessions against Judaism, which resulted in acts of: lasciviousness, lust, drunkenness, reveling, banqueting, and abominable idolatries. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on January 11, 2017 in Epistles of Peter

 

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What Type of Persecution Was Endured?

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Perhaps due to Hollywood productions that depict early Christians in Roman arenas facing lions and the like, we have come to believe persecution means persecution to the death, but this is not so. We are told that, because Jesus healed the afflicted on the Sabbath, the Jewish authorities persecuted him (John 5:16). The idea that they also sought to slay him is added to the fact that they were already persecuting him in some way or another. In one instance they claimed he was mentally unstable and had a demon (Mark 3:21-22). At other times the authorities stalked him, hoping for an opportunity to take him into custody (cf. Luke 6:7; 14:1; 20:20). They sought out people who would lie about him (Matthew 26:59-61), and provide “evidence” they could use in their effort to have him executed in their courts (cf. John 7:20, 25; 11:49-50, 53). Finally, they paid a large sum of money to have one of his own to betray him (Mark 14:10-11). All this, although culminating in Jesus’ death, was persecution, and Jesus tells us: “If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you (John 15:20).[1] Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on January 9, 2017 in Epistles of Peter

 

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Haustafel or Household Codes

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For the remainder of chapter two and the first few verses of chapter three of his first epistle, Peter offers a list of things one should expect of people who claim to be of the household of God. At the end of chapter two Peter offers the reason for such expected behavior, namely, Christ behaved this way, and so should we. There are several of these lists throughout the New Testament (cf. Romans 13:1-8; Ephesians 5:21 to 6:9; Colossians 3:18 to 4:1). Martin Luther described these lists as haustafel, meaning: household rules or codes. It is a term that has been adopted by scholars when referencing them. Although Peter’s list begins with how one should behave toward civil authorities, it should be remembered that these lists may direct our behavior toward anyone having authority over us or any human institution that has such authority, because it is expected of those of the household of God to behave in a certain manner. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on December 9, 2016 in Epistles of Peter

 

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Who Were Peter’s Readers?

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Peter opened his epistle by identifying himself as one of the Apostles of Jesus (1Peter 1:1). The term apostle has to do with one being sent. He was an envoy or ambassador of someone else and was a representative of the authority sending him. In other words the authority of any apostle or envoy is derived from the authority responsible for sending him. Barnabas was an apostle of the church at Jerusalem (Acts 11:22; cf. 14:14).[1] He represented them and spoke for them. Peter was an apostle or envoy of Jesus; he represented and spoke for Jesus. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on November 2, 2016 in Epistles of Peter

 

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The Persecution in Asia Minor

from Google Images

from Google Images

In my two previous blogposts regarding First and Second Peter, I have argued that Peter, the apostle of Jesus, was the author of both epistles. Moreover, the epistles had to have been written sometime before the persecution that developed surrounding the fire that burnt much of Rome in 64 AD. Therefore, the persecution that Peter mentions, occurring in the five Roman provinces of Asia Minor, must be a different persecution than that begun by Nero at Rome. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on October 28, 2016 in Epistles of Peter

 

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Authorship of the Epistles of Peter

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from Google Images

It almost seems like a ridiculous question to ask: who is the author of the epistles ascribed to Peter? However, modern Biblical critics have made it almost necessary to show who the author of first and second Peter actually is.[1] Nevertheless, it needs to be mentioned that, until the dawn of modern criticism, scholarly opinion of authorship had been for over a millennium that Peter wrote both epistles. First of all, the epistles, themselves, attribute authorship to Peter, an apostle of Jesus (1Peter 1:1 and 2Peter 1:1), and early attestation that Peter wrote the first epistle ascribed to him comes from second, third and fourth century church fathers such as Irenaeus: Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria and Eusebius. Moreover, the author of first Peter claims to have witnessed the suffering of Jesus (1Peter: 5:1). Therefore, either the author is Peter, the apostle, or the author lied. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on October 24, 2016 in Epistles of Peter

 

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