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Tag Archives: Peter

An Overview of Second Peter

2peter-overviewIn his second epistle Peter identifies himself as Simeon Peter,[1] using the Hebrew pronunciation of his name. He must have written this epistle before the Nero persecution of 64 AD, when tradition claims both he and Paul were executed as martyrs for Christ. In such a case, the timeline for Peter’s second epistle would be during Paul’s imprisonment or from cir. 56 AD to 64 AD. Most likely, however, Peter wrote it sometime after James’ death, which occurred cir. 62 AD. All things considered, it probably dates between 62 and 64 AD. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on February 17, 2017 in Epistles of Peter, Gospel of Luke

 

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Responsibilities During Persecution

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The term elder (G4245 – presbuteros) was the Jewish term for leader. The gentiles used the term bishop or overseer (G1985 – episkopos) to designate a leader of a city etc. In 1Peter 5:2 Peter begins to exhort the elders, or the leaders of the local church bodies in Asia Minor, concerning the responsibilities of their office by telling them to feed or tend the flock of God. The Greek word (G4165) means more than simply feed (the sheep). It takes into consideration providing for the needs (of the sheep) like pasture land, water, and safety. Leadership and protection are factors when defining this word (cf. John 10:11-12). Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on February 1, 2017 in Epistles of Peter

 

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Judgment and Identifying with Others

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The phrase, the end is at hand, or one similar to it has become one of the most used phrases in the mouths of the cynics to show the Bible is merely a book composed by men. If this could be preached throughout the 2000 year history of Christianity, how could anyone take the return of Christ seriously? How could anyone take Scripture seriously, when those named as its composers were so wrong about the return of Christ in the first century AD? Certainly, it is claimed by the cynic, the New Testament shows Peter and Paul not only expected Christ to return in their expected lifetimes, but these men, unquestionably the leaders of the Jesus movement in the first century AD, predicted it. And, the accusation is: “They were wrong—pure and simple!” Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on January 16, 2017 in Epistles of Peter

 

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The Lusts of Men

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Many commentaries on the first epistle of Peter would have us believe that he wrote specifically to gentiles, but I don’t believe this can be adequately supported in Scripture. The word of God tells us that Peter’s specific mission was to Jews (believing and unbelieving), not gentiles. The fact that he was chosen to go to Cornelius in Acts 10 is an anomaly, which had its purpose in getting fundamental Jewish believers to accept the idea that God really does receive gentiles as he does the Jews (cf. Acts 11:1-4, 17-18). In the context of Peter’s first epistle, it is understood in the term Hellenist that Jews, identified as such (cf. John 12:20-21), had made compromises with gentile behavior in order to appear more like them and less like the fundamentalist Jews of Jerusalem. These Hellenist Jews of the Diaspora had made concessions against Judaism, which resulted in acts of: lasciviousness, lust, drunkenness, reveling, banqueting, and abominable idolatries. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on January 11, 2017 in Epistles of Peter

 

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What Type of Persecution Was Endured?

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Perhaps due to Hollywood productions that depict early Christians in Roman arenas facing lions and the like, we have come to believe persecution means persecution to the death, but this is not so. We are told that, because Jesus healed the afflicted on the Sabbath, the Jewish authorities persecuted him (John 5:16). The idea that they also sought to slay him is added to the fact that they were already persecuting him in some way or another. In one instance they claimed he was mentally unstable and had a demon (Mark 3:21-22). At other times the authorities stalked him, hoping for an opportunity to take him into custody (cf. Luke 6:7; 14:1; 20:20). They sought out people who would lie about him (Matthew 26:59-61), and provide “evidence” they could use in their effort to have him executed in their courts (cf. John 7:20, 25; 11:49-50, 53). Finally, they paid a large sum of money to have one of his own to betray him (Mark 14:10-11). All this, although culminating in Jesus’ death, was persecution, and Jesus tells us: “If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you (John 15:20).[1] Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on January 9, 2017 in Epistles of Peter

 

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Haustafel or Household Codes

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For the remainder of chapter two and the first few verses of chapter three of his first epistle, Peter offers a list of things one should expect of people who claim to be of the household of God. At the end of chapter two Peter offers the reason for such expected behavior, namely, Christ behaved this way, and so should we. There are several of these lists throughout the New Testament (cf. Romans 13:1-8; Ephesians 5:21 to 6:9; Colossians 3:18 to 4:1). Martin Luther described these lists as haustafel, meaning: household rules or codes. It is a term that has been adopted by scholars when referencing them. Although Peter’s list begins with how one should behave toward civil authorities, it should be remembered that these lists may direct our behavior toward anyone having authority over us or any human institution that has such authority, because it is expected of those of the household of God to behave in a certain manner. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on December 9, 2016 in Epistles of Peter

 

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Who Were Peter’s Readers?

from Google Images

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Peter opened his epistle by identifying himself as one of the Apostles of Jesus (1Peter 1:1). The term apostle has to do with one being sent. He was an envoy or ambassador of someone else and was a representative of the authority sending him. In other words the authority of any apostle or envoy is derived from the authority responsible for sending him. Barnabas was an apostle of the church at Jerusalem (Acts 11:22; cf. 14:14).[1] He represented them and spoke for them. Peter was an apostle or envoy of Jesus; he represented and spoke for Jesus. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on November 2, 2016 in Epistles of Peter

 

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