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The Three Temptations of Jesus

Temptation - 3

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Luke tells us that Jesus was led in the wilderness and was there tempted by the Devil for forty days (Luke 4:1-2), and the sense seems to be that this was done immediately after his baptism. At his baptism, Jesus was identified as God’s Son (Luke 3:22; cf. Matthew 3:17; Mark 1:11), and Luke also identifies him as God’s Son through Adam in Luke 3:23-38. Knowing this, the words: “If you are the Son of God…” (Luke 4:3, 9) seem to be a direct challenge of what God says in Luke 3:22. Therefore, it suggests the challenge’s nearness to the proclamation of God. Nevertheless, the account in John seems to dispute the account of Jesus’ temptations we find in the Synoptics, because Jesus seems to enter Galilee two days after his baptism (John 1:29, 35, 43), and already seems to be choosing his disciples. There doesn’t seem to be room for a 40 day temptation period.[1] Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 30, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Jesus’ Second Temptation

Temptation - 2I have been discussing Jesus’ three temptations found in Luke 4:1-12. They are the same temptations found in Matthew 4:1-10, but Luke reverses Matthew’s second and third temptations. Nevertheless, in Luke 4:16 to Luke 6:49 Luke discusses Jesus’ temptations in the order in which Matthew places them. I have been discussing these temptations with the understanding that the wilderness into which the Spirit led Jesus (Luke 4:1), is not a desert or an uninhabited place. Rather, it was a wilderness of people (Ezekiel 20:35), that is, people who are absolutely devoid of the kind of spiritual understanding that would lead them to God. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 28, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Jesus’ Third Temptation

Third Temptation in Luke

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Luke’s third temptation (Luke 4:9-12) is Matthew’s second (Matthew 4:5-7). Luke, however, deals with this temptation second in order in the body of his text. That is, it comes second in order as we read Luke’s description of all three temptations in Luke 4:16 to Luke 6:49. So, I’ll deal with this temptation, concerning the pinnacle of the Temple, in the order in which Luke places it in his own record (Luke 5:16 to Luke 6:5). It immediately follows Luke’s analysis of the Lord’s first temptation (Luke 4:3-4), which I discussed HERE in a short synopsis of Luke 4:16 to Luke 5:15. All three of Jesus’ temptations took place in Galilee in the wilderness of people (Ezekiel 20:35), according to my understanding, not in the desert of Judea, as has been traditionally assumed.[1] Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 25, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Jesus’ First Temptation

Bread and Stone

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I have been arguing that Luke offers us a record of how Jesus was tempted or tested during his 40 days in the wilderness (Luke 4:1-2). Rather than being in the desert (wilderness) of Judea, I have argued that Jesus was in Galilee in the wilderness of people (cf. Ezekiel 20:35), people completely devoid of God’s Spirit and correct spiritual understanding, where even Jesus’ disciples were slow to understand (Luke 24:25; Mark 7:18; 8:17-18). Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 23, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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If You Are the Son of God…

Prove It

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In Luke 3:22 we find a voice from heaven declaring Jesus to be God’s beloved Son. In Luke 3:23-38 we have Jesus declared as God’s Son through Adam. That is, Jesus is the Son of Man, the Redeemer who was promised in Genesis 3:15, the Messiah who is called the Son of God (Psalm 2:2, 7, 12). I don’t believe Jesus made much of an impression on the folks witnessing his baptism. John, of course, believed and would have had Jesus baptize him and take over his ministry, but Jesus refused (Matthew 3:13-15). It was more important for Jesus to be numbered with the sinners who came to John, than to become the new leader of an already successful ministry. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 21, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Filled with the Spirit

Spirit Filled

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It was said of John the Baptist that he would be filled with the Holy Spirit from birth (Luke 1:15), and the Scriptures tell us that, after Jesus was baptized and returned from the Jordan, he was full of the Holy Spirit and continually led by the Spirit in the wilderness (Luke 4:1). Does this mean that Jesus wasn’t filled with the Holy Spirit from birth as John had been or that his filling was any different from that of John? I don’t think so, and the Scriptures don’t conclude that Jesus didn’t have the Spirit of God before his baptism, but was anointed with the Spirit at that time. Any difference one might see between the filling of Jesus and John should be defined by the capacity of the vessel to receive the Spirit (cf.1Kings 8:11; John 3:34). Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 18, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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Led Into the Wilderness

Wilderness of people - 3

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Both Matthew and Mark begin their record of Jesus’ ministry immediately after his forty day bout with Satan and also after John was put in prison (Matthew 4:12; Mark 1:14). Luke, however, records several weeks of Jesus’ ministry before coming to events that occurred after John’s imprisonment (Luke 7:1-10; cf. John 3:22-23; 4:1, 46-53). Several Sabbaths are mentioned between Luke 4:14 (after Jesus’ temptations but before John’s imprisonment) and Luke 7:1 (the beginning of events occurring after John’s imprisonment in Luke’s Gospel). What can be said of these things? Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on August 16, 2016 in Gospel of Luke

 

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